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[Insights Secure STHIR– 2021] Daily UPSC Mains Answer Writing Practice: 16 December 2020

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General Studies – 1


 

Topic:  Important Geophysical phenomena such as earthquakes, Tsunami, Volcanic activity, cyclone etc., geographical features and their location-changes in critical geographical features.

1. Outline the relief of the ocean floor. Explain the reasons that make continental shelves one of the highly productive ecosystems. (250 words)

Reference: Geography NCERT – Class XI: Fundamentals of Physical Geography. 

Why the question:

The question is part of the static syllabus of General Studies paper – 1.

Key Demand of the question:

 Describing the relief features of the ocean floor and stating the reasons of high productivity of continental shelves. 

Directive:

 Explain – Clarify the topic by giving a detailed account as to how and why it occurred, or what is the particular context. You must be defining key terms where ever appropriate, and substantiate with relevant associated facts.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Start by briefly mentioning about relief of the ocean floor and its divisions. 

Body:

In the first half of the body, continue by explaining ocean relief. Outline the major divisions of the relief floor and describe them. Use diagrams for better representation purpose. 

Next, Mention the minor relief features of the ocean floor and explain them. 

In the second part of the body, start by mentioning certain figures regarding the productivity of continental shelves with examples. Discuss in detail the reasons for high productivity of the continental shelves like high nuritent loads, vertical stability and shallowness etc. 

Conclusion:

Conclude by further summarising the overall economic importance of continental shelves. 

 

Topic:   Important Geophysical phenomena such as earthquakes, Tsunami, Volcanic activity, cyclone etc., geographical features and their location-changes in critical geographical features.

2. Explain in detail the mechanism of a Tsunami. How is a Tsunami wave different from a regular wave?  (250 words)

Reference: Geography NCERT – Class XI: Fundamentals of Physical Geography. 

Why the question:  

The question is part of the static syllabus of General Studies paper – 1.

Key Demand of the question:

To explain the process of Tsunami and how it is caused. In the later part, to differentiate between a Tsunami Wave and a wind wave.

Directive:

Explain – Clarify the topic by giving a detailed account as to how and why it occurred, or what is the particular context. You must be defining key terms where ever appropriate, and substantiate with relevant associated facts.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Define Tsunami and briefly mention a few examples of Tsunamis witnessed.

Body:

Draw a simple illustrative digram and explain the phenomenon of the Tsunami. In the explanation, talk about how the wave is formed, propagates (including Shoaling effect) and the destruction caused by it at the end.

In the second part, differentiate between Tsunami Wave and Normal wave on Wave Speed, Wave period, wavelength, Origin etc.

Conclusion:

Conclude by throwing light on Indian preparedness in the early warning mechanism of Tsunamis.

 


General Studies – 2


 

Topic:  Welfare schemes for vulnerable sections of the population by the Centre and States and the performance of these schemes.

3. Despite the plethora of initiatives taken by the government to curb child marriage, the menace continues unabated. Comment in the light of the findings of the National Family Health Survey-5. (250 words)

Reference: Business Standard

Why the question:

The recently released NFHS-5 has brought to light the shocking findings with respect to child marriage in some states which is covered in the article.

Key Demand of the question:

To bring out the shortcomings of various initiatives to curb child marriage.

Directive:
Comment– here we have to express our knowledge and understanding of the issue and form an overall opinion thereupon.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Introduce by presenting the context of question, the evil of child marriage, especially in the states of Bihar, West Bengal and Tripura.

Body:

Firstly, mention the various initiatives designed in order to prevent the child marriages in India.

Secondly, mention the shortcomings of the above programmes .

In the final part, comment on the numerous implications of the findings of NFHS-5 on child marriage.

Conclusion:

Conclude with a way forward on how to holistically tackle child marriages in India.

 

 Topic:   Issues relating to development and management of Social Sector/Services relating to Health, Education, Human Resources.

4.  The success of India’s COVID-19 vaccine policy is pertinent on how well it overcomes the vaccine hesitancy among the masses. Analyse and suggest steps that the government can take to address vaccine hesitancy in India. (250 words)

Reference: The Hindu 

Why the question:

With a vaccine in sight, India now faces the issue of the fear of vaccine itself among the people. This article talks about it and gives a few steps to address it.

Key Demand of the question:

To identify how vaccine hesitancy can hinder the fight against SARS-COV2 and the steps needeed to overcome it.

Directive:

Analyze – When asked to analyse, you have to examine methodically the structure or nature of the topic by separating it into component parts and present them as a whole in a summary.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Define Vaccine hesitancy and how India faces a challenge in addressing owing to its large population and diversity.

Body:

start the body by identifying possible causes of vaccine hesitancy among the masses like misinformation, complacency, lack of confidence etc.

In the next part, bring out how vaccine hesitancy and the fear of vaccine itself  will impact our country’s fight against COVID-19 and undo the progress so far.

In the final part, mention steps that the government can take to overcome vaccine hesitancy like confidence building of masses, bringing in transparency on the vaccine-policy and any potential side effects, consulting states and taking them in confidence and steps to prevent misinformation etc.

Conclusion:

Talk about other steps needed apart from overcoming vaccine hesitancy in order to make the COVID-19 vaccine policy successful.

 


General Studies – 3


 

Topic:  Science and Technology- developments and their applications and effects in everyday life.

5. PM-WANI has the potential to transform the digital scenario in India to empower ordinary citizens and open up a plethora of opportunities. Discuss (250 words)

Reference: The Hindu 

Why the question:

The article covers the impact the newly launched PM-WANI, the public Wi-Fi data service can have on the citizens as well as the economy.

Key Demand of the question:

To identify how PM-Wani can bring about digital transformation and create new opportunities in education, health and governance etc.

Directive:

Discuss – This is an all-encompassing directive – you have to debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You have to give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Briefly explain about PM-WANI and its aims and objectives.

Body:

In the first part, mention about the inadequacies in the digital sector like low penetration, lack of infrastructure, high costs or subscriber fees etc. which hinder the digital transformation.

In the second part, mention as to how PM-WANI aims to overcome the above mentioned issues to achieve a digital transformation.

In the next part, mention the opportunities PM-WANI creates for community organisations, libraries, educational institutions, health panchayats and small entrepreneurs

Conclusion:

Give a way forward that is needed to ensure that PM-WANI can achieve its intended aims and objectives.

 

Topic:  indigenization of technology and developing new technology.

6. Time has come to regulate crypto currencies not resist it. Critically analyse. (250 words)

Reference: Business Standard

Why the question:

Bitcoin’s rally in 2020, rising 1.5 times so far this year, has piqued investors’ and financial services providers’ interest. And Indian banks are taking note as the crypto currency nears its all-time high of $20,000.

Key Demand of the question:

To argue for enhanced utilisation of crypto currencies in the banking sector.

Directive:

Critically analyze – When asked to analyse, you have to examine methodically the structure or nature of the topic by separating it into component parts and present them as a whole in a summary. When ‘critically’ is suffixed or prefixed to a directive, one needs to look at the good and bad of the topic and give a fair judgment.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Define crypto currencies and give the context where the performance of Bitcoin in 2020 has piqued the interests of Indian financial service providers.

Body:

Cite facts and figures that encompass the good performance of crypto currencies and the benefits it can accrue to the Indian financial sector.

Mention the developments so far in India with respect to crypto currencies: the revocation of banking ban in March 2020.

State reasons why India should to be more accepting of crypto currencies and the need to move to regulate the sector than resisting.

Bring out the potential challenges in implementation of large scale crypto currency based assets. Also, highlight the inadequacies in the Indian financial system pertaining to crypt currencies.

Conclusion:

Conclude with balanced way forward.

 


General Studies – 4


 

Topic: Contributions of moral thinkers and philosophers from India and the world to the concepts of morality

7. “The greatest wealth is to live content with little ” – Plato. Elucidate.  (250 words)

Reference: Ethics, Integrity and Aptitude by Lexicon Publications 

Why the question:

The question explores Plato’s philosophy of being content with the minimum.

Key Demand of the question:

 To analyse to what extent the given quote is valid in the present context.

Directive:

 Elucidate – Give a detailed account as to how and why it occurred, or what is the particular context. You must be defining key terms where ever appropriate, and substantiate with relevant associated facts.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Explain the quote briefly.

Body:

Present detailed analysis of the quote with relevant examples from across the world such as Gandhi, Thoreau etc.

State the reasons for indulgence in excessive materialism and its impact on us.

Bring out how minimalist mind set and simple life can bring about positive changes at individual, societal, national and a global level

Conclusion:

Conclude with a positive note that surmises -To be simple is to be great.


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