Topic: GS-1: Important Geophysical phenomena such as earthquakes, Tsunami, Volcanic activity, cyclone etc., geographical features and their location-changes in critical geographical features (including water-bodies and ice-caps) and in flora and fauna and the effects of such changes.
GS-3: Conservation, environmental pollution and degradation, environmental impact assessment.
4. The Himalayas are the primary drivers of the Asian climate”. In this context discuss the measures to be taken to mitigate the negative impact of development activities in the region. (250 words)
Reference: The Hindu
Why the question:
The editorial brings to us in detail the insights of how by planning hydropower projects, India and China are placing the region at great risk.
Key Demand of the question:
One has to discuss the relevance and importance of Himalayan system as a key driver of the Asian climate and present measures to be taken to mitigate the negative impact of development activities in the region.
Discuss – This is an all-encompassing directive – you have to debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You have to give reasons for both for and against arguments.
Structure of the answer:
Start with the fact the China’s major hydropower project as a part of its 14th Five-Year Plan (2021-25), on the Yarlung Zangbo River, in Mêdog County in Tibet.
Explain first the statement – “Himalayas are the primary drivers of the Asian climate”. Substantiate it with suitable examples and illustrations in the first half of the question.
Discuss what are the issues of concern owing to the developmental activities in the region. Present each of the issue and its impact.
Explain how developmental activities disturb both physiography and the demographic parameters of the region.
Give suggestions and solutions to address the problems.
Conclude with way ahead.