Topic: GS-2: Government policies and interventions for development in various sectors and issues arising out of their design and implementation.
GS-3: Conservation, environmental pollution and degradation, environmental impact assessment.
3. India has invested significantly in monitoring air pollution, however, it is important to move ahead in the direction of finding context-specific solutions to solve the problem, Do you agree? Comment. (250 words)
Reference: The Hindu
Why the question:
The article explains to us as to how monitoring air pollution alone isn’t enough; India needs context-specific solutions to tackle the problem.
Key Demand of the question:
Explain why monitoring air pollution alone isn’t enough; and that India needs context-specific solutions to tackle the problem in detail with suitable arguments.
Comment– here we have to express our knowledge and understanding of the issue and form an overall opinion thereupon.
Structure of the answer:
Start with some key fact setting the context of the question, say; According to the 2019 World Air Quality Report released by the pollution tracker IQAir and Greenpeace, India accounts for two-thirds of the world’s most polluted cities — 21 of the most polluted 30 cities.
Discuss first the optimistic picture, India’s progress in tackling air pollution deserves praise, this progress starts from identifying the perils of air pollution and taking measures to tackle it. Air pollution for long was not considered a health hazard and this has changed.
Then move onto explain the public policies in this direction. Discuss the positives and negatives associated with it.
Suggest solutions to address the issue at hand – discuss the dimensions of research and development, leveraging technology etc.
Conclude that there needs to be a shift in approach when it comes to tackling air pollution, there is a need to come up with situation-specific solutions to tackle air pollution.