Topics Covered: Major crops cropping patterns in various parts of the country, different types of irrigation and irrigation systems storage, transport and marketing of agricultural produce and issues and related constraints; e-technology in the aid of farmers.
How did China go about reforming its agriculture and reducing poverty?
Learning from agricultural reforms in China.
Differences in approach between India and China:
Despite similar trends in the growth rates, the two countries- India and China- have taken different reform paths;
- China started off with reforms in the agriculture sector and in rural areas, while India started by liberalising and reforming the manufacturing sector.
- These differences have led to different growth rates and, more importantly, different rates of poverty reduction
- By making agriculture the starting point of market-oriented reforms, a sector which gave majority of the people their livelihood, China could ensure widespread distribution of gains and build consensus and political support for the continuation of reforms.
- Reform of incentives resulted in greater returns to the farmers and in more efficient resource allocation, which in turn strengthened the domestic production base and made it more competitive.
- Besides, prosperity in agriculture favoured the development of a dynamic rural non-farm (RNF) sector, regarded as one of the main causes for rapid poverty reduction in China as it provided additional sources of income outside farming.
Sources: Indian Express.