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How did China go about reforming its agriculture and reducing poverty?

Topics Covered: Major crops cropping patterns in various parts of the country, different types of irrigation and irrigation systems storage, transport and marketing of agricultural produce and issues and related constraints; e-technology in the aid of farmers.

How did China go about reforming its agriculture and reducing poverty?


Learning from agricultural reforms in China.

 Differences in approach between India and China:

Despite similar trends in the growth rates, the two countries- India and China- have taken different reform paths;

  1. China started off with reforms in the agriculture sector and in rural areas, while India started by liberalising and reforming the manufacturing sector.
  2. These differences have led to different growth rates and, more importantly, different rates of poverty reduction

Chinese Reforms:

  1. By making agriculture the starting point of market-oriented reforms, a sector which gave majority of the people their livelihood, China could ensure widespread distribution of gains and build consensus and political support for the continuation of reforms.
  2. Reform of incentives resulted in greater returns to the farmers and in more efficient resource allocation, which in turn strengthened the domestic production base and made it more competitive.
  3. Besides, prosperity in agriculture favoured the development of a dynamic rural non-farm (RNF) sector, regarded as one of the main causes for rapid poverty reduction in China as it provided additional sources of income outside farming.

Sources: Indian Express.