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Explain the features of tropical cyclones. While mentioning the factors contributing in formation of tropical cyclone differentiate them from extra-tropical cyclones.

Topic : Types of Condensation, Precipitation-Forms & Types, Distribution of rainfall, Air Masses and Fronts, Cyclones and anti-cyclones, World Climatic regions

1. Explain the features of tropical cyclones. While mentioning the factors contributing in formation of tropical cyclone differentiate them from extra-tropical cyclones. (250 words)

Reference:  Certificate Physical And Human Geography by G C Leong

Why the question:

The question is from the static portions of GS paper I , part geography.

Key Demand of the question:

One is expected to discuss in detail the tropical cyclones as a concept, their features and the factors contributing in formation of tropical cyclones and differentiate them from extra-tropical cyclones.

Directive:

Explain – Clarify the topic by giving a detailed account as to how and why it occurred, or what is the particular context. You must be defining key terms where ever appropriate, and substantiate with relevant associated facts.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Start with the basic definition; Cyclone is an intense vortex or a whirl in the atmosphere with very strong winds circulating around it in anti-clockwise direction in the Northern Hemisphere and in clockwise direction in the Southern Hemisphere. 

Body:

The answer body must have the following aspects covered:

  • Features of tropical cyclone
  • Factors contributing in formation of cyclones
  • Difference between tropical and extra tropical cyclones

Substantiate the above aspects with relevant diagrammatic demonstrations and give recent examples of cyclonic activities; one can as well add a case study from India.

Discuss the applied aspects, the havoc they create to human life and nature and press on need to mitigate the same.

Conclusion:

Thus, as cyclones carries destructive force there is a need for timely dissemination of warning and increasing preparedness of disaster management authorities.