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[Insights Secure STHIR– 2021] Daily UPSC Mains Answer Writing Practice: 14 December 2020

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General Studies – 1


 

Topic : Pressure and Global Pressure belts, Winds, Planetary winds, Seasonal winds, Local winds

1. Discuss how local winds are different from planetary winds. with examples, underline the role of local winds in influencing climate, agriculture and socio-economic conditions of various regions of the world. (250 words)

Reference: World physical geography by G C Leong

Why the question:

The question is from the static portions of GS paper I, portion geography.

Key Demand of the question:

One has to explain in what way local winds are different from planetary winds with examples, and also underline the role of local winds in influencing climate, agriculture and socio-economic conditions of various regions of the world.

Directive:

Discuss – This is an all-encompassing directive – you have to debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You have to give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Define simply what are local winds and global winds in general.

Body:

Briefly discuss these two types of winds by highlighting the characteristic difference between them.

Explain the difference between the two. Give examples to demarcate the difference more clearly from across the world.

One must bring out the role of local winds in the climate, agriculture and livelihood in different regions through examples.

Discuss their impact on socio-cultural region, give examples.

Conclusion:

Conclude by reasserting the significance of such winds.

 

Topic : Pressure and Global Pressure belts, Winds, Planetary winds, Seasonal winds, Local winds

2. How climate change influences the pattern of the planetary winds?  Have these winds become stronger across all major latitudes? Or it has led to their uneven pattern? Examine. (250 words)

Reference: World physical geography by G C Leong

Why the question:

The question is from the static portions of GS paper I, portion geography.

Key Demand of the question:

Explain in what way climate change influences the pattern of the planetary winds and analyse if these winds become stronger across all major latitudes? Or it has led to their uneven pattern.

Directive:

Examine – When asked to ‘Examine’, we must look into the topic (content words) in detail, inspect it, investigate it and establish the key facts and issues related to the topic in question. While doing so we should explain why these facts and issues are important and their implications.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Define what planetary winds are.

Body:

The answer body must discuss the following aspects in detail –

  • The influence of climate change on the patterns of the planetary winds.
  • Discuss the recent trends with suitable examples across the world.
  • Analyse if these winds have become stronger across all major latitudes or he winds have disturbed their patterns in a specific way.
  • Suggest what needs to be done to overcome the effect of climate change on these wind patterns.

Conclusion:

Give your opinion with suitable substantiation.

 


General Studies – 2


 

Topic : Government policies and interventions for development in various sectors and issues arising out of their design and implementation.

3. “India’s family planning programme has been voluntary and non-coercive, a tribute to the State’s commitment to personal liberty and democracy.” In this context analyse the success of India’s family planning programme so far and suggest way forward. (250 words)

Reference: Hindustan Times

Why the question:

The article explains how India’s family planning programme has been voluntary and non-coercive, a tribute to the State’s commitment to personal liberty and democracy. And this has largely been successful.

Key Demand of the question:

Discuss the positives of India’s family planning program and evaluate its success and suggest way forward.

Directive:

AnalyzeWhen asked to analyse, you have to examine methodically the structure or nature of the topic by separating it into component parts and present them as a whole in a summary.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Set the context of the question by briefly discussing the evolution of family planning program in the country.

Body:

Explain that India’s family planning programme has been voluntary and non-coercive, a tribute to the State’s commitment to personal liberty and democracy. And this has largely been successful.

India’s population trajectory has been encouraging— according to the National Family Health Survey (2015-2016), the total fertility rate for urban India was 1.8, for rural India 2.4, for women with no schooling 3.4 and 1.7 for women with 12 years or more education. The required fertility rate is 1.8 for India and it stands at 2.2 at present, just above the replacement fertility level of 2.1 which is the mark of population stabilization.

Provide for a comparison with other countries and explain how successful has Indian policy in this direction has been.

Suggest the current trends in the policy and explain what more needs to be done.

Conclusion:

Conclude with way forward.

 

Topic : GS-1: Social empowerment, Salient features of Indian Society, Diversity of India.

GS-2: Welfare schemes for vulnerable sections of the population by the Centre and States and the performance of these schemes; mechanisms, laws, institutions and Bodies constituted for the protection and betterment of these vulnerable sections.

4. Examine the interlinkages of poverty and child marriages in India and also throw light upon the progress made towards ending child, early and forced marriages in the country. (250 words)

Reference: The Hindu 

Why the question:

The article brings to us the fact that the COVID-19 pandemic and subsequent lockdown have proved to be new drivers of child marriages in rural Madhya Pradesh with several reports of such ceremonies from different parts of the State during the ongoing marriage season.

Key Demand of the question:

One must examine the interlinkages of poverty and child marriages in India and also throw light upon the progress made towards ending child, early and forced marriages in the country.

Directive:

Examine – When asked to ‘Examine’, we must look into the topic (content words) in detail, inspect it, investigate it and establish the key facts and issues related to the topic in question. While doing so we should explain why these facts and issues are important and their implications.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Present historical picture of child marriages in the country briefly.

Body:

Discuss how does poverty affect child marriage? – Poverty is one of the main drivers of child marriage, Child brides are more likely to be poor and to remain poor. Where poverty is acute, giving a daughter in marriage allows parents to reduce their expenses: one less person to feed, clothe and educate.

In communities where economic transactions are integral to the marriage process, a dowry or “bride price” is often welcome income for poor families. Families sometimes marry their daughters at a younger age to avoid more expensive dowries which the marriage of older girls often demands.

In the second half of the answer throw light upon the progress made towards ending child, early and forced marriages in the country – discuss the policies of the government in this direction from past to present.

Conclusion:

Conclude by drastic changes in this direction brought by recent policies such as Beti Bachao,Beti Padhao and suggest way forward.

 


General Studies – 3


 

Topic : Indian Economy and issues relating to planning, mobilization, of resources, growth, development and employment.

5. How far can India achieve its agenda to create $1 trillion in economic value from the digital economy by 2025? Discuss in the light of emerging contours of tech policy of India. (250 words)

Reference: Hindustan Times

Why the question:

The editorial analysis brings to us the emerging contours of tech policy in the country.

Key Demand of the question:

One must explain in detail how far India can achieve its agenda to create $1 trillion in economic value from the digital economy by 2025.

Directive:

Discuss – This is an all-encompassing directive – you have to debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You have to give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Start with some key facts suggesting the context of the question such as – India has the highest per user data usage in the world. The online space has flourished — innumerable applications compete for user attention. The internet economy in India is quite open and minimally regulated. This is now beginning to change because of three emerging motivations.

Body:

Start by explaining how India is beginning to systematically assert its sovereign power to regulate internet-based activities. New regimes for regulation of personal data, e-commerce, content of video streaming services, and related spheres are in the offing.

Discuss first the emerging contours of tech policy of India. Explain in what way the government is increasingly using technology policy as an instrument of foreign policy and national security.

Then talk about the nuances of creating $1 trillion economic value from the digital economy by 2025.

Conclusion:

Conclude with way forward.

 


General Studies – 4


 

Topic: Work culture

6. Identify the traits of a healthy work culture for bureaucracy in a modern society; also suggest ways to inculcate the same to ensure achievement of Good governance. (250 words)

Reference: Ethics, Integrity and Aptitude by Lexicon Publications

Why the question:

The question is premised on the concept of work culture and its importance in bureaucracy in a modern society.

Key Demand of the question:

Discuss the traits of a healthy work culture for bureaucracy in a modern society; also suggest ways to inculcate the same to ensure achievement of Good governance.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

First define what you understand by work culture in general.

Body:

In the answer body first discuss common characteristics of organizational culture or a healthy work culture.

Discuss what are the characteristics of a good work culture? Explain how they apply differently to the bureaucracy of the modern society.

Give examples and suggest ways to inculcate the same to ensure achievement of Good governance.

Conclusion:

Conclude that work culture plays an important role in extracting the best out of employees and making them stick to the organization for a longer duration. The organization must offer a positive ambience to the employees for them to concentrate on their work rather than interfering in each other’s work.

 

Topic : Public/Civil service values and Ethics in Public administration: Status and problems; ethical concerns and dilemmas in government and private institutions; laws, rules, regulations and conscience as sources of ethical guidance; accountability and ethical governance; strengthening of ethical and moral values in governance; ethical issues in international relations and funding; corporate governance.

7. Examine the relevance of the following in the context of civil service: (250 words)

(a) Transparency

(b) Accountability

(c) Fairness and justice

Reference: Ethics, Integrity and Aptitude by Lexicon Publications

Why the question:

The question is direct and straightforward and aims to examine the relevance of the listed virtues in the context of civil services.

Key Demand of the question:

Discuss the relevance of Transparency, accountability and fairness and justice in the context of civil services.

Directive:

Examine – When asked to ‘Examine’, we must look into the topic (content words) in detail, inspect it, investigate it and establish the key facts and issues related to the topic in question. While doing so we should explain why these facts and issues are important and their implications.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Start by defining each of the listed virtues in the introduction.

Body:

One has to remember the question is not about how to inculcate these above listed values in one’s life and is rather asking the importance of these values in the context of civil services.

Describe each value in detail, its definition and relevance of it in administration in general. Give examples to justify their importance.

Conclusion:

One can conclude by talking about other similar values that are essential for efficient and effective civil services.


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