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“India’s family planning programme has been voluntary and non-coercive, a tribute to the State’s commitment to personal liberty and democracy.” In this context analyse the success of India’s family planning programme so far and suggest way forward.

Topic : Government policies and interventions for development in various sectors and issues arising out of their design and implementation.

3. “India’s family planning programme has been voluntary and non-coercive, a tribute to the State’s commitment to personal liberty and democracy.” In this context analyse the success of India’s family planning programme so far and suggest way forward. (250 words)

Reference: Hindustan Times

Why the question:

The article explains how India’s family planning programme has been voluntary and non-coercive, a tribute to the State’s commitment to personal liberty and democracy. And this has largely been successful.

Key Demand of the question:

Discuss the positives of India’s family planning program and evaluate its success and suggest way forward.

Directive:

AnalyzeWhen asked to analyse, you have to examine methodically the structure or nature of the topic by separating it into component parts and present them as a whole in a summary.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Set the context of the question by briefly discussing the evolution of family planning program in the country.

Body:

Explain that India’s family planning programme has been voluntary and non-coercive, a tribute to the State’s commitment to personal liberty and democracy. And this has largely been successful.

India’s population trajectory has been encouraging— according to the National Family Health Survey (2015-2016), the total fertility rate for urban India was 1.8, for rural India 2.4, for women with no schooling 3.4 and 1.7 for women with 12 years or more education. The required fertility rate is 1.8 for India and it stands at 2.2 at present, just above the replacement fertility level of 2.1 which is the mark of population stabilization.

Provide for a comparison with other countries and explain how successful has Indian policy in this direction has been.

Suggest the current trends in the policy and explain what more needs to be done.

Conclusion:

Conclude with way forward.