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[Insights Secure STHIR– 2021] Daily UPSC Mains Answer Writing Practice: 11 December 2020

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General Studies – 1


 

Topic : Structure, Composition of atmosphere, Weather & Climate, Heat & temperature, Insolation, Heat Budget, Distribution of temperature, Temperature Inversion

1. Explain different processes which help maintain heat balance of earth.(250 words)

Reference: World physical geography class XI NCERT

Why the question:

The question is from the static portions of GS paper I , section geography.

Key Demand of the question:

One has to explain in detail the different processes which help maintain heat balance of earth.

Directive:

Explain – Clarify the topic by giving a detailed account as to how and why it occurred, or what is the particular context. You must be defining key terms where ever appropriate, and substantiate with relevant associated facts.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Define what you understand by Heat Budget in the introduction.

Body:

In the answer body explain the concept of heat budget first; The sun is the ultimate energy source for the entire universe. Though the sun is continuously radiating energy, the earth as a whole does not accumulate or lose heat. It maintains its temperature. This is popularly known as heat budget or heat balance of the earth.

Then move on to explain the different processes which help maintain heat balance of earth; energy of the sun reaches earth through radiation and circulates through various processes such as conduction, convection, advection, and terrestrial radiation.

Draw suitable diagrams.

Conclusion:

Conclude that earth neither warms or cools down despite the huge transfer of heat and maintains its heat balance.

 

Topic: Structure, Composition of atmosphere, Weather & Climate, Heat & temperature, Insolation, Heat Budget, Distribution of temperature, Temperature Inversion

2. How does unequal distribution of heat over the Earth causes variation of weather and climate? Explain, (250 words)

Reference: Class 11 Geography NCERT

Why the question:

The question is from the static portions of GS paper I, section geography.

Key Demand of the question:

Explain in what way unequal distribution of heat over the Earth causes variation of weather and climate.

Directive:

Explain – Clarify the topic by giving a detailed account as to how and why it occurred, or what is the particular context. You must be defining key terms where ever appropriate, and substantiate with relevant associated facts.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Start by defining what is weather and climate.

Body:

Rising global average temperature is associated with widespread changes in weather patterns. Scientific studies indicate that extreme weather events such as heat waves and large storms are likely to become more frequent or more intense with human-induced climate change. The answer must focus on changes in temperature, precipitation, storms, floods, and droughts that are a result of unequal distribution of heat over the Earth and cause variation of weather and climate.

The areas where there is high temperature, wind blows from low temperature areas. Therefore, wind move upward from equatorial regions and blow towards two poles. Due to this wind, pressure on both the poles increases.

Conclusion:

Conclude with the effect of recent anthropogenic activities and the resultant climate change, suggest solutions to address them.

 


General Studies – 2


 

Topic : Welfare schemes for vulnerable sections of the population by the Centre and States and the performance of these schemes; mechanisms, laws, institutions and Bodies constituted for the protection and betterment of these vulnerable sections. Issues relating to development and management of Social Sector/Services relating to Health, Education, Human Resources.

3. The menace of Child trafficking is still a cause of concern, and there is a need to not just prevent such crimes but also ensure that the relief and rehabilitation process takes place in a smooth manner. Comment. (250 words)

Reference: The Hindu 

Why the question:

The editorial brings to us the importance of empowering first responders to end child trafficking in the country. Thus the question.

Key Demand of the question:

Explain in what way the menace of Child trafficking is still a cause of concern, and there is a need to not just prevent such crimes but also ensure that the relief and rehabilitation process takes place in a smooth manner.

Directive:

Comment– here we have to express our knowledge and understanding of the issue and form an overall opinion thereupon.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Present the dismal picture of child trafficking with relevant facts justifying it. India has a very high volume of child trafficking. As many as one child disappears every eight minutes, according to the National Crime Records Bureau.

Body:

The answer body must discuss the following aspects –

The causes; there are many different causes that lead to child trafficking, with the primary reasons being poverty, weak law enforcement, and a lack of good quality public education. The traffickers that take advantage of children can be from another area in India, or could even know the child personally. Children who return home after being trafficked often face shame in their communities, rather than being welcomed home, forms of child trafficking and its prevalence.

Explain the different forms of it.

Discuss the approach to address the problem –highlight the importance of relief and rehabilitation process; take hints from the article and discuss solutions.

Conclusion:

Conclude with efforts of the government in this direction and suggest way forward.

 

Topic : Issues relating to development and management of Social Sector/Services relating to Health, Education, Human Resources. Issues relating to poverty and hunger.

4. How far India goes in achieving its billion-plus dreams will be decided by how well it nourishes its children. Discuss. (250 words)

Reference: The Hindu 

Why the question:

The question is based on “Thousand days of nutrition, and a billion dreams” which was published in The Hindu. It talks about the linkages between Malnutrition, Covid-19 and POSHAN Abhiyaan. Thus the question.

Key Demand of the question:

One has to discuss the importance of nutrition to Children in the country and throw light upon the dismal picture of malnutrition.

Directive:

Discuss – This is an all-encompassing directive – you have to debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You have to give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Malnutrition refers to deficiencies, excesses or imbalances in a person’s intake of energy and/or nutrients. It places a burden heavy enough for India, to make it a top national priority.

Body:

Highlight first the vicious Cycle of Poverty and Malnutrition. Quote some statistical data; As per the National Family Health Survey (NFHS)-4 (2015-16), 35.7 per cent children below five years are underweight, 38.4 per cent are stunted and 21 per cent are wasted in the country. The indicator Children under 5 years who are underweight (weight-for-age) is one of the composite indicators for child malnutrition.

Malnutrition can be a drain on the potential human resources of India, can have a profound effect on dropout rates, educational outcomes etc. Children who pull through malnutrition find themselves in a very rocky path, in the absence of adequate necessary nutrients, their body parts do not develop to the fullest, including the brain.

Malnutrition can be a drain on the potential human resources of India, can have a profound effect on dropout rates, educational outcomes etc.

Then explain the cost of malnutrition to the society, explain its importance in building nation of a million plus dreams.

Conclusion:

Conclude by suggesting solutions.

 

Topic : GS-2: Issues relating to development and management of Social Sector/Services relating to Health, Education, Human Resources

GS-3: Awareness in the fields of IT

5. With the effects of the pandemic becoming increasingly severe by the day, there has been an almost total shift to online modes of operation, in this context analyse if access to internet is a luxury or a right?(250 words)

Reference: epw.in

Why the question:

The article brings us closer analysis of whether access to Internet is a luxury or a right.

Key Demand of the question:

With the effects of the pandemic becoming increasingly severe by the day, there has been an almost total shift to online modes of operation, in this context analyse if access to internet is a luxury or a right.

Directive:

AnalyzeWhen asked to analyse, you have to examine methodically the structure or nature of the topic by separating it into component parts and present them as a whole in a summary.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Briefly talk about the background of the question.

Body:

Explain that with the effects of the pandemic becoming increasingly severe by the day, there has been an almost total shift to online modes of operation. However, this has created a huge digital divide in the country, aggravating the already existing inequalities.

One can present the case study of Covid-19 and the associated lockdown and in what way it forced every citizen to switch and access Internet as a rightful service.

 To realize the dream of a digitally inclusive India, internet has to be provided as a public good and at subsidized rates for low-income households.

Discuss the effect of internet access in association with the factors of inequalities and fairness.

Conclusion:

Conclude with fair and balanced opinion.

 


General Studies – 3


 

Topic : Food processing and related industries in India- scope’ and significance, location, upstream and downstream requirements, supply chain management.

6. Discuss the prospects and challenges faced by the Beekeeping sector in the country and explain what needs to be done to realize the full potential of it. (250 words)

Reference: The Hindu

Why the question:

The CSE study on contamination in honey is a wake-up call for a sector with potential, thus the context of the question.

Key Demand of the question:

Discuss the prospects and challenges faced by the Beekeeping sector in the country and explain what needs to be done to realize the full potential of it.

Directive:

Discuss – This is an all-encompassing directive – you have to debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You have to give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Present the status of Beekeeping industry in the country, Beekeeping is one of the oldest practices in India but it has gained vast popularity in recent few years and currently, India has about 35 lakh bee colonies and the number of beekeepers and beekeeping companies is increasing day by day in a very fast speed.

Body:

The answer must discuss the potential of the industry and challenges facing it.

Discuss the importance of Bee keeping. The main advantages of beekeeping are:

  • Provides honey, which is the most valuable nutritional food.
  • Provides bee wax which is used in many industries, including cosmetics industries, polishing industries, pharmaceutical industries, etc.
  • Plays an excellent role in pollination. Honey bees are the best pollinating agents which help in increasing the yield of several crops.
  • According to the recent studies, the honey bees venom contains a mixture of proteins which can potentially be used as a prophylactic to destroy HIV that causes AIDS in humans.

Then ponder upon the challenges facing this industry.

Throw light on the efforts made by the government.

Conclusion:

Conclude with way forward.

 


General Studies – 4


 

Topic : Case study

7. You are stranded in traffic in your car. You are driving the car. A poor girl looking very frail approaches you and start begging for money. Looking at he frail appearance, out of compassion, you take out your wallet to search for a ten Rupees note. The girl who is standing very near to you snatches the wallet and starts running. A man on a motorbike who see this act, catches the girl and starts beating her in full view of public. Now the traffic is moving and your car is in the middle of the road.

What will you do in such a situation? And why? (250 words)

Why the question:

The question is a case study.

Key Demand of the question:

The question is an ethical situation that is based on the dilemma faced owing to certain assumptions and virtue of compassion. One has to explain the possible steps that one can take in such situation.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Present the summary of the case in question briefly.

Body:

Explain what action should be taken:

 Park Car- so that no disturbance to the traffic.

 Call to destination where I was heading about the emergency so that they will not wait for me.

Reach the spot where the man is beating girl and immediately stop him and ask him not to beat or take law in his hand. Thank him for taking notice of the theft and taking action, but remind him that the girl is very young and could have acted out of hunger too. Remind him gently that it is a public space and such act physical violence could land him in legal trouble. This should lower his anger.

If girl is injured- carry out first aid from the box available in the car. Get her something to eat and drink. Try to know her history and then informing to NGO or child care centre and personally taking to there will be my choice since leaving her just like that will make her to repeat the act since it’s the poverty and poor care made her to act. If these are given girl will desist from such acts.

Make an occasional follow up of the girl with the agency to whom she had been handed over to.

(Please see there are many ways in which the answer can be approached to)

Conclusion:

Conclude with way forward.


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