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NIA chargesheets ‘Khalistani’ activists:

Topics Covered: Security challenges and their management in border areas; linkages of organized crime with terrorism.

NIA chargesheets ‘Khalistani’ activists:


Context:

The National Investigation Agency (NIA) has filed a chargesheet against 16 “foreign-based Khalistanis”.

  • The accused, based in the United States, the United Kingdom and Canada, have been chargesheeted under the anti-terror Unlawful Activities (Prevention) Act for allegedly indulging in seditious activities and promoting enmity on the grounds of region and religion in the country.

What’s the issue?

The chargesheet alleged that the accused were involved in a conspiracy for launching a secessionist campaign under the banner of ‘Referendum 2020’ for the creation of ‘Khalistan’.

WHAT WAS THE KHALISTAN MOVEMENT?

It is the fight for a separate Sikh state and owes its origins to the Punjabi Suba Movement.

The Akali Dal – a Sikh-dominated political party – sought to create a separate Sikh Suba or Province.

  • When the States Reorganization Commission, constituted to assess the demand for separate states by linguistic groups, made its recommendations, it rejected the Akali Dal’s demand.
  • The state was trifurcated into Punjabi-majority Punjab, Hindi-majority Haryana and the Union Territory of Chandigarh. Some hilly regions of the state were merged into Himachal Pradesh.

WHAT WAS THE ANANDPUR SAHIB RESOLUTION?

Shiromani Akali Dal adopted this resolution. This would serve as a blueprint for the party’s future agenda. The resolution demanded autonomy for the state of Punjab, identified regions that would be part of a separate state, and sought the right to frame its own internal constitution.

Sources: the Hindu.