Topic: Welfare schemes for vulnerable sections of the population by the Centre and States and the performance of these schemes; mechanisms, laws, institutions and Bodies constituted for the protection and betterment of these vulnerable sections. Issues relating to development and management of Social Sector/Services relating to Health, Education, Human Resources.
3. Account for specific issues that urban poor face from the perspective of social protection. Also explain in what way giving priority to women would aid to address these issues. (250 words)
Reference: The Hindu
Why the question:
The article explains how public works could provide valuable support to the urban poor, especially if women get most of the jobs.
Key Demand of the question:
The question aims to ascertain the specific issues that urban poor face from the perspective of social protection and one has to explain the significance of giving women being given priority to address these issues.
Account – Weigh up to what extent something is true. Persuade the reader of your argument by citing relevant research but also remember to point out any flaws and counter- arguments as well. Conclude by stating clearly how far you are in agreement with the original proposition.
Structure of the answer:
One should start such answers with some facts/statistics depicting the issues of urban poor.
Take hints from the article and list down the issues that urban poor face from the perspective of social protection.
Social protection includes: Social assistance – non-contributory transfers in cash, vouchers, or in-kind to individuals or households in need public works programmes; fee waivers (for basic health and education services); and subsidies (e.g. for food, fuel).
Explain the importance of recognising role of women in addressing such issues.
Suggest – Universalizing the Public Distribution System in urban slums would be a step forward (and it can be done under the National Food Security Act), but foodgrain rations do not take people very far. Employment-based support is one way of doing more. It has two major advantages: self-targeting, and the possibility of generating valuable assets or services.
Conclude with policies of the government in this direction and what more needs to be done.