Topics Covered: Conservation and pollution related issues.
Yamuna River pollution:
A ‘Monthly Progress Report’ was recently submitted by the Delhi Pollution Control Committee to the Union Ministry of Jal Shakti on cleaning Yamuna.
- The level of faecal coliform (microbes from human and animal excreta) is above the desirable limit at all points tested in Yamuna in Delhi.
- For bathing in a river, the desirable level of faecal coliform is 500 MPN/100 ml or lesser, as per the Central Pollution Control Board.
- Besides, levels of different pollutants are above permissible limits in ground water samples from different points near the four landfills in Delhi.
- Ground water samples from different points near landfills showed that the hardness of water was higher than the desirable limit of 300 mg/l.
- The levels of chlorine and calcium were also above the desirable limit in all four samples.
- The level of sulfate was higher than the desirable limit of 200 mg/l in some locations.
- The river Yamuna is a major tributary of river Ganges.
- Originates from the Yamunotri glacier near Bandarpoonch peaks in the Mussoorie range of the lower Himalayas in Uttarkashi district of Uttarakhand.
- It meets the Ganges at the Sangam in Prayagraj, Uttar Pradesh after flowing through Uttarakhand, Himachal Pradesh, Haryana and Delhi.
- Tributaries: Chambal, Sindh, Betwa and Ken.
- River Yamuna Flows through how many states and UTs?
- Tributaries of Yamuna.
- Acceptable maximum limit of ammonia in drinking water?
- Permissible level of Sulfate.
- Desirable limit of hardness of water.
- The desirable level of faecal coliform.
Sources: the Hindu.