Topic : Challenges to internal security through communication networks, role of media and social networking sites in internal security challenges, basics of cyber security; money laundering and its prevention. Security challenges and their management in border areas – linkages of organized crime with terrorism.
7. Biological warfare is a potent threat to the countries across globe. Are the existing mechanisms robust enough to prevent biological warfares? Analyse. (250 words)
Reference: Science Direct
Why the question:
The question is amidst the rising doubts of Corona virus spreading across the world.
Key Demand of the question:
Discuss in what way Biological warfare as a potent threat to the world and critically analyse the existing mechanisms to address them.
Analyze – When asked to analyse, you have to examine methodically the structure or nature of the topic by separating it into component parts and present them as a whole in a summary.
Structure of the answer:
Start with the definition of what biological warfare is.
Biological warfare is the deliberate and intentional release of biological agents such as viruses, bacteria, toxins, or other harmful agents to cause illness or death among humans, food crops, and livestock to terrorize the civilian population.
Explain in what way the Covid-19 pandemic has exposed the vulnerability of several world powers in the event of use of biological weapons against them by rogue states and terrorist groups.
Give examples; example of Anthrax, Botulinum Toxin; nown to be used by Japan on Prisoners of War (POW) during the occupation of Manchuria. Aflatoxin; Iraq had produced and deployed different weapons armed with Aflatoxin. It was noted by the United Nations Special Commission (UNSCOM) in 1995. However, it was destroyed during the Gulf War.
Then talk about the mechanisms available and analyse them.
Conclude with solutions to deal with the problems.