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What is the main difference between psychological egoism and ethical egoism? Compare and contrast.

Topic: Ethics and Human Interface: Essence, determinants and consequences of Ethics in-human actions; dimensions of ethics; ethics – in private and public relationships. Human Values – lessons from the lives and teachings of great leaders, reformers and administrators; role of Family society and educational institutions in inculcating values.

7.  What is the main difference between psychological egoism and ethical egoism? Compare and contrast. (250 words)

Reference: Ethics, Integrity and Aptitude

Why the question:

The question is about differentiating between psychological egoism and ethical egoism? Compare and contrast.

Key Demand of the question:

One has to present the main difference between psychological egoism and ethical egoism.

Directive:

Compare and contrast – provide for a detailed comparison of the two types, their features that are similar as well as different. One must provide for detailed assessment of the two.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Define the two terms first.

Body:

Ethical egoism

  • It is based on premise of ‘what is good for individual is good for society.’
  • Jeremy Bentham gave this concept.
  • It forms the basis for Utilitarian theory in normative ethics (Maximum pleasure, Minimum pain’).
  • It focuses more on individual liberty, freedom and happiness.

Psychological egoism

  • It is based on premise of ‘human being is selfish brutish and self-protective.’
  • Thomas Hobbes gave this concept.
  • It forms the basis for Social Contract theory given by Thomas Hobbes.
  • Human will sacrifice some rights for sake of peace and order in society.

Conclusion:

Conclude with importance of the two.