Topic: Issues relating to development and management of Social Sector/Services relating to Health, Education, Human Resources. Issues relating to poverty and hunger.
2. What explains India’s poor rank under the Global Hunger Index, and what are the solutions? And do you think focus on lack of availability of food as the main cause of hunger takes the attention away from ineffective human development policies in India? (250 words)
Reference: The Hindu
Why the question:
The article brings to us deeper insights on the factors contributing to hunger – mainly the lack of food availability and in what way it has led to ignorance of ineffective human development policies in India.
Key Demand of the question:
Explain India’s poor rank under the Global Hunger Index, and discuss the possible solutions also explain how it has taken the focus away from the ineffective human development policies in India.
Explain – Clarify the topic by giving a detailed account as to how and why it occurred, or what is the particular context. You must be defining key terms where ever appropriate, and substantiate with relevant associated facts.
Structure of the answer:
Start with the fact of India’s status on global hunger index.
Two recent reports — the annual report on “The State of Food Security and Nutrition in the World 2020” by the Food and Agricultural Organization of the United Nations and the 2020 Hunger report, “Better Nutrition, Better Tomorrow” by the Bread for the World Institute – document staggering facts about Indian food insecurity and malnutrition. Discuss key points from them in the first part of your answer.
Then explain why focus on lack of availability of food is often the main cause of hunger.
Later explain the ineffective human development policies in India that are often shadowed by hunger.
Suggest solutions to the whole issue like immediate universalization of the PDS, distribution of quality food items and community kitchens etc.