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Explain the phenomenon of Blue tide? How does it affect the marine ecosystem of the country? Elaborate.

Topic : Conservation, environmental pollution and degradation, environmental impact assessment.

3. Explain the phenomenon of Blue tide? How does it affect the marine ecosystem of the country? Elaborate. (250 words)

Reference: Indian Express 

Why the question:

The question is based on the concept of Blue tide.

Key Demand of the question:

Discuss the phenomenon of Blue tide and explain with examples as to how it affects the marine ecosystem of the country.

Directive:

Explain – Clarify the topic by giving a detailed account as to how and why it occurred, or what is the particular context. You must be defining key terms where ever appropriate, and substantiate with relevant associated facts.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Define what Blue-tide is.

Body:

The tide producing a fluorescent blue hue, popularly known as bioluminescence, recently made an appearance at Mumbai’s Juhu Beach and Devgad Beach in Sindhudurg, along Maharashtra’s coastline.

Bioluminescence has been an annual occurrence along the west coast since 2016, especially during the months of November and December. The spectacle occurs when phytoplankton (microscopic marine plants), commonly known as dinoflagellates, produce light through chemical reactions in proteins. A wave disturbs these unicellular microorganisms and makes them release blue light.

Explain its effects on marine ecosystem.

Conclusion:

Conclude with solutions to address the issue and suggest way forward.