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With recently introduced labour reforms aimed at changing industrial relations, trade unions must include operative social dialogue to get their grievances redressed. Elaborate.

Topic: GS-2: Issues relating to development and management of Social Sector/Services relating to Health, Education, Human Resources.

GS-3: Indian Economy and issues relating to planning, mobilization, of resources, growth, development and employment.

5. With recently introduced labour reforms aimed at changing industrial relations, trade unions must include operative social dialogue to get their grievances redressed. Elaborate. (250 words)

Reference: The Hindu 

Why the question:

Ten central trade unions (CTUs) have called for a nation-wide strike to condemn what they consider to be the anti-people and anti-labour economic policies of the government. Thus the question context.

Key Demand of the question:

Explain why the trade unions in the country must include operative social dialogue to get their grievances redressed.

Directive:

Elaborate – Give a detailed account as to how and why it occurred, or what is the particular context. You must be defining key terms where ever appropriate, and substantiate with relevant associated facts.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Start by providing for a brief timeline of trade unions and their concerns in the country.

Body:

With the introduction of economic reforms since 1991, employers and the global financial institutions have been lobbying for labour market and structural reforms.

Explain that the recently introduced Codes are based on the fundamental unproven premise that labour laws and inspection system are obstacles in attracting investment, and, hence the government must promote a cheaper and flexible labour market. Discuss the flaws in the codes in detail.

Discuss the impact of Covid-19 and the repercussion of migration on the labour.  Explain what the options available before the trade union are.

Conclusion:

Suggest way forward and conclude.