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What are desalination plants and what is their feasibility? Discuss their application in addressing Indian water woes.

Topic : Achievements of Indians in science & technology; indigenization of technology and developing new technology.

3. What are desalination plants and what is their feasibility? Discuss their application in addressing Indian water woes.(250 words)

Reference: The Print

Why the question:

The explained page of Indian express presents to us insights on the concept of desalinization plants and their feasibility.

Key Demand of the question:

One has to explain what desalinization plants are , their feasibility and their application prospects in addressing water woes of the country.

Directive:

Discuss – This is an all-encompassing directive – you have to debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You have to give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Worldwide, desalination is seen as one possible answer to stave off water crisis. Recently, Maharashtra announced the setting up of a desalination plant in Mumbai, becoming the fourth state in the country to experiment with the idea.

Body:

Discuss the concept involved in the working of desalinization plants; A desalination plant turns salt water into water that is fit to drink. The most commonly used technology used for the process is reverse osmosis where an external pressure is applied to push solvents from an area of high-solute concentration to an area of low-solute concentration through a membrane.

Explain its applications in the Indian context. Bring out the pros and cons.

Conclusion:

Conclude with importance of such technologies.