Topic: population and associated issues, poverty and developmental issues, urbanization, their problems and their remedies.
2. “To make cities women-friendly, urban planners must focus on two core issues —greater safety from violence and adequate childcare support.” comment. (250 words)
Reference: Hindustan Times
Why the question:
The article analyses redesigning urban spaces for women in the country and their importance.
Key Demand of the question:
Explain in detail the need to make cities women-friendly and that urban planning has key role in achieving it.
Comment– here we have to express our knowledge and understanding of the issue and form an overall opinion thereupon.
Structure of the answer:
Start with statistics and data that show – Urban planning in India does not factor in gender perspectives. The 2019 Safe City Index, prepared by the Economist Intelligence Unit, ranks Mumbai and Delhi as one of the worst cities where women’s safety is concerned.
Explain that Cities need to be redesigned to address the concerns of women; so that women can work, look after their families easily, and without having to expend more energy, time and money than men do.
Discuss what needs to be done? – To make cities women-friendly, urban planners must focus on two core issues —greater safety from violence and adequate childcare support. Much of the current discourse focuses on improving street lighting and providing safe toilets. These are important but even more critical to making public spaces safer is mixed land-use planning. The segregation of commercial and residential areas automatically increases the commute from work to home and creates entry barriers to mobility for women. Mixed land-use, by encouraging office space and commercial areas in residential localities, makes for regular use of streets, better lighting and encourages women to use public spaces.
Give examples/case studies to justify your answer.
Conclude with way forward.