Topic : GS-2: Government policies and interventions for development in various sectors and issues arising out of their design and implementation.
GS-3: Conservation, environmental pollution and degradation, environmental impact assessment.
6. The symbiotic phase of implementing Jal Jeevan Mission can be productively used to engage in a dialogue with the states about the larger water resources management agenda, beyond the mission’s goals. Comment. (250 words)
Reference: Indian Express
Why the question:
The article explains that the Centre and states in the country must seize opportunity to come together for water governance.
Key Demand of the question:
Discuss in what way JJM can be productively used to engage in a dialogue with the states about the larger water resources management agenda, beyond the mission’s goals.
Comment– here we have to express our knowledge and understanding of the issue and form an overall opinion thereupon.
Structure of the answer:
Brief about the mission, its objectives; JJM aims at providing potable water at service level of 55 liter per capita per day (lpcd) to every rural household through Functional Household Tap Connection (FHTC) by 2024.
A slew of bills on water await Parliament’s approval. Two of them, passed by the Lok Sabha, were listed for clearing by Rajya Sabha in the monsoon session The Interstate River Water Disputes Amendment Bill 2019 and the Dam Safety Bill 2019.The latest centrally sponsored scheme (CSS), Jal Jeevan Mission (JJM), too is pumping massive finances into achieving universal access to safe and secure drinking water in rural areas otherwise a domain of the states.
Discuss the need to deal with the emerging challenges of inter-state water governance.
Explain how and why water Governance is must for Sustainable Development.
Conclude by reasserting the statement in question and its importance.