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Frontier Highway project

Topics Covered: Security challenges and their management in border areas; linkages of organized crime with terrorism.

Frontier Highway project:


Since the Ladakh stand-off between the Indian and Chinese armies in May, Arunachal Pradesh has been pushing for the ambitious Frontier Highway project along the “India-Tibet border” for facilitating faster movement of troops if a war-like situation arises.

About the Frontier Highway Project:

  • It is also called as the Arunachal Frontier Highway and Mago-Thingbu–Vijaynagar Border Highway.
  • The 2,000-kilometre-long road follows the McMahon Line.
  • It accompanies the Trans-Arunachal Highway (through the middle) and the Arunachal East-West Corridor (in the foothills along the Assam border) as major highways spanning Arunachal Pradesh, pursuing the Look East connectivity concept.
  • The highway will intersect with the proposed East-West Industrial Corridor Highway in the foothills of Arunachal Pradesh from Bhairabkunda, the tri-junction of Bhutan, Assam and Arunachal Pradesh to Ruksin in East Siang district.
  • The highway will cross the Dibang Wildlife Sanctuary, which may raise environmental issues.

Need for:

  • The highway will generate employment and increase tourism in these hard-to-reach areas.
  • The highway will check Chinese incursions into Indian territory. China has built an extensive road and railway network on its side, posing a security risk to India as the region is relatively inaccessible on the Indian side.


Prelims Link:

  1. About the Frontier Highway Project.
  2. About the Trans-Arunachal Highway.

Mains Link:

Why do we need the Frontier Highway project? Discuss.

Sources: the Hindu.