Topic: Government policies and interventions for development in various sectors and issues arising out of their design and implementation.
3. Will designating three capitals for the State of Andhra Pradesh promote ‘distributed development’? Analyse the concept of having multiple state capitals. (250 words)
Reference: The Hindu
Why the question:
The editorial throws light upon the question “Will designating three capitals for the State of Andhra Pradesh promote ‘distributed development’”
Key Demand of the question:
Analyse the issues and concerns associated with having multiple state capitals for an Indian State.
Analyze – When asked to analyse, you have to examine methodically the structure or nature of the topic by separating it into component parts and present them as a whole in a summary.
Structure of the answer:
The Andhra Pradesh government, in its previous session, proposed a three-capital plan for the state. As per the Andhra Pradesh Decentralisation and Inclusive Development of All Regions Bill, 2020, the State will have Visakhapatnam, Amravati and Kurnool respectively as the executive, legislative and judicial capitals of the State.
Start by elaborating the issues involved; the matter has become contentious and the Bill is facing myriad legal and procedural challenges. The proposal is set to replace the ambitious plan (of the previous government) of building Amravati as a world-class Greenfield capital city.
Discuss the origin of the concept of three capitals, explain the challenges involved. The proposed three-capital plan claims to produce decentralized growth, but it should also be ensured that it achieves the primary goal of decentralized development, irrespective of how the functionalized multiple-capital plan plays out.
Suggest what should be the way forward and conclude.