Topic : Important aspects of governance, transparency and accountability, e-governance applications, models, successes, limitations, and potential; citizens charters, transparency & accountability and institutional and other measures.
2. Fake news is a big problem that gets easily transferred due to misuse of latest technologies, resulting in many untoward incidents, in this context discuss the need to have a mechanism to address the misinformation being caused due to fake news in the country. (250 words)
Reference: Hindustan Times
Why the question:
The Supreme Court on Tuesday asked the Centre to explain its “mechanism” against fake news and bigotry on air, and to create one if it did not already exist. Thus the question.
Key Demand of the question:
Explain the menace of fake news in the country and discuss the need to have a mechanism to address the misinformation being caused due to fake news in the country.
Discuss – This is an all-encompassing directive – you have to debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You have to give reasons for both for and against arguments.
Structure of the answer:
Define and explain what fake news is.
Fake news is news, stories or hoaxes created to deliberately misinform or deceive readers. Fake news, defined by the New York Times as “a made-up story with an intention to deceive”.
Explain first who is to blame for this fake news problem? Is it a policy issue or is it due to the lackadaisical approach by the social media companies or is it a combination of both?
Analyse the causative factors that have led to spread of fake news in the country.
Present case studies like that of Jamiat Ulama-i-Hind. Discuss the ill-effects of it.
Explain the importance and urgency of having a mechanism to address the misinformation being caused due to fake news in the country.
Suggest the need for having a mechanism to address the issue and conclude.