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What is SpaceX-NASA’s upcoming Crew-1 mission launch?

Topics Covered: Awareness in space.

What is SpaceX-NASA’s upcoming Crew-1 mission launch?


Context:

NASA has certified SpaceX’s Crew Dragon capsule and the Falcon 9 rocket, making it the first spacecraft certification provided by the space agency.

This means SpaceX can now operate regular flights to the space station.

  • SpaceX’s Crew Dragon spacecraft will lift off from NASA’s Kennedy Space Center in Florida on November 14.

What is the Crew-1 mission?

The mission is part of NASA’s Commercial Crew Program, whose objective is to make access to space easier in terms of its cost, so that cargo and crew can be easily transported to and from the ISS, enabling greater scientific research.

  • Significantly, Crew-1 will be the first operational flight of the SpaceX Crew Dragon spacecraft on a Falcon 9 rocket to the ISS and is the first of the three scheduled flights scheduled over the course of 2020-2021.

About the SpaceX’s Crew Dragon capsule:

It will carry up to four astronauts on NASA missions, maintaining a space station crew of seven to maximize time dedicated to scientific research on the orbiting laboratory.

What will members of Crew-1 do at the ISS?

  • The Crew-1 team will conduct microgravity studies.
  • Some of the research that the crew is carrying with themselves includes materials to investigate food physiology, which will study the effects of dietary improvements on immune function and the gut microbiome and how those improvements can help crews adapt to spaceflight.
  • Once in orbit, astronauts will collect samples to provide data to scientists back on Earth so that they can continue to study how dietary changes affect his body.
  • Another experiment aboard is a student-designed experiment titled, “Genes in Space-7” that aims to understand how spaceflight affects brain function.

InstaLinks:

Prelims Link:

  1. NASA’s Commercial crew program- participants.
  2. Space shuttle program.
  3. Demo 1 vs 2 missions.
  4. What is ISS?
  5. Space stations so far.

Sources: Indian Express.