Topic: Salient features of Indian Society, Diversity of India. Population and associated issues, poverty and developmental issues, urbanization, their problems and their remedies.
1. Examine how Demographic Dividend is affected by the lack of investment in the human capital. (250 words)
Why the question:
Question is based on the theme of demographic dividend.
Key Demand of the question:
Discuss in detail in what way demographic dividend is affected by the lack of investment in the human capital.
Examine – When asked to ‘Examine’, we must look into the topic (content words) in detail, inspect it, investigate it and establish the key facts and issues related to the topic in question. While doing so we should explain why these facts and issues are important and their implications.
Structure of the answer:
Define first what demographic dividend is.
Explain the importance of DD; a demographic dividend is the accelerated economic growth that can result from improved reproductive health, a rapid decline in fertility, and the subsequent shift in population age structure. With fewer births each year, a country’s working-age population grows larger relative to the young dependent population.
Discuss the correlation of it with lack of investment in the human capital.
Give examples and present your opinion.
Conclude with importance of demographic dividend to the economy and society in general.