Topic: Conservation, environmental pollution and degradation, environmental impact assessment.
3. Discuss the concept of Carbon Neutrality? Explain its significance. Also evaluate the feasibility of such a principle for a developing country like India. (250 words)
Reference: The Hindu
Why the question:
The article written by former Union Minister for Environment, Jairam Ramesh argues for India to pursue the carbon neutrality principle.
Key Demand of the question:
The question is based on the concept of carbon neutrality. One is expected to discuss its significance and evaluate the feasibility of such a principle for a developing country like India.
Discuss – This is an all-encompassing directive – you have to debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You have to give reasons for both for and against arguments.
Structure of the answer:
Define what carbon neutrality is.
Carbon neutrality means having a balance between emitting carbon and absorbing carbon from the atmosphere in carbon sinks. In order to achieve net zero emissions, all worldwide greenhouse gas emissions will have to be counterbalanced by carbon sequestration.
Then move onto explain why carbon neutrality is important; to solve the problem of climate change, we all need to take account of our personal carbon emissions and make continued efforts to reduce them ourselves, Going carbon neutral by purchasing carbon offsets is a practical and affordable way to do something about those remaining emissions.
Explain how carbon neutrality can be achieved; explain its feasibility for India.
Conclude with way forward.