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Why there are armed clashes in Ethiopia’s Tigray, and what it means for Horn of Africa?

Topics Covered: Effect of policies and politics of developed and developing countries on India’s interests, Indian diaspora.

Why there are armed clashes in Ethiopia’s Tigray, and what it means for Horn of Africa?


Context:

Ethiopia is on the brink of a civil war. A domestic conflict is going on in the country’s northern Tigray region.

Background:

The structure of Ethiopia’s federal system allows the country’s ten regions significant autonomy. These regions also have their own parliaments, their own security forces, and the right to a referendum for independent rule.

Impact on the Horn of Africa:

  • Eritrea may be hardest hit, due to its proximity to Tigray.
  • If the violence and conflict spills outside Ethiopia’s borders, it may potentially destabilize the Horn of Africa region.
  • The US and China have several strategic military bases in that region, the closest being Djibouti. If these military bases were to be impacted by the disturbances in any way, it may cause foreign powers to get militarily involved in the region and the conflict.

ethiopia

InstaLinks:

Prelims Link:

  1. Locate Tigray Region.
  2. Horn of Africa.
  3. Countries surrounding the Red Sea.

Mains Link:

Why there are armed clashes in Ethiopia’s Tigray, and what it means for Horn of Africa? Discuss.

Sources: Indian Express.