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Haryana to reserve 75% private jobs

Topics Covered: Employment related issues.

Haryana to reserve 75% private jobs:


Context:

The Haryana State Employment of Local Candidates Bill, 2020 has been passed paving way for more employment opportunities for locals in private sector.

Key provisions of the Bill:

  • Sectors to be covered: All the companies, societies, trusts, limited liability partnership firms, partnership firms and any person employing 10 or more persons and an entity, as may be notified by the government from time to time.
  • Exclusion: It shall not include the central government or state government or any organisation owned by the central or state government.
  • Posts covered: Posts where the gross monthly salary or wages are not more than Rs. 50,000 or as notified by the government from time to time.
  • Exemption: The employer may claim exemption where adequate number of local candidates of a desired skill, qualification or proficiency are not available.
  • The employer may be penalised with fine upto Rs. 5 Lakh for not following provisions of this Act.

Concerns expressed by experts:

  • Haryana’s Bill may be in violation of Article 16. But, Haryana government claims that while Article 16 talks about the “public employment”, the Bill only pertains to “private sector employment”.
  • Besides, it may not be in the interest of industry.
  • There are apprehensions that if Haryana implements this kind of a reservation, other states will also follow the same and that shall result in a “complete chaos”.
  • Previously, Andhra Pradesh’s decision of introducing 75% reservation for local candidates was challenged in the Andhra Pradesh High Court which observed that “it may be unconstitutional”.

InstaLinks:

Prelims Link:

  1. Key provisions of the Bill.
  2. Article 16 of the Indian Constitution is related to?

Mains Link:

Discuss issues associated with Haryana’s move to reserve 75% private jobs.

Sources: Indian Express.