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Central Vigilance Commission

Topics Covered: Statutory, regulatory and various quasi-judicial bodies.

Central Vigilance Commission:


CVC has decided to receive through email, from November 1 onwards, all vigilance clearance proposals for the Board level, all-India and Central services officials for appointment, empanelment, promotion and other related issues. No hard copies of documents will be accepted.

About CVC:

It is the apex vigilance institution created via executive resolution (based on the recommendations of Santhanam committee) in 1964 but was conferred with statutory status in 2003.

  • It submits its report to the President of India.
  • The CVC is not controlled by any Ministry/Department. It is an independent body which is only responsible to the Parliament.


Consists of central vigilance commissioner along with 2 vigilance commissioners.


They are appointed by the President of India on the recommendations of a committee consisting of Prime Minister, Union Home Minister and Leader of the Opposition in Lok Sabha (if there is no LoP then the leader of the single largest Opposition party in the Lok Sabha).


Their term is 4 years or 65 years, whichever is earlier.


The Central Vigilance Commissioner or any Vigilance Commissioner can be removed from his office only by order of the President on the ground of proved misbehavior or incapacity after the Supreme Court, on a reference made to it by the President, has, on inquiry, reported that the Central Vigilance Commissioner or any Vigilance Commissioner, as the case may be, ought to be removed.


Prelims Link:

  1. About CVC.
  2. Appointment.
  3. Removal.
  4. Powers and functions.
  5. Reports.

Mains Link:

Discuss the roles and functions of CVC.

Sources: the Hindu.