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Now, outsiders can buy land in J&K

Topics Covered: Government policies and interventions for development in various sectors and issues arising out of their design and implementation.

Now, outsiders can buy land in J&K:


Context:

The Centre has notified new land laws for the Jammu and Kashmir UT region, ending the exclusive rights enjoyed by the local population over land under the now-diluted Article 370.

Who introduced the changes?

The introduction of the UT of J&K Reorganisation (Adaptation of Central Laws) Third Order, 2020, by the Ministry of Home Affairs has resulted in the repeal of at least 11 land laws in vogue in J&K earlier, including the J&K Big Landed Estates Abolition Act that had resulted in the famous ‘land to tiller’ rights.

What are the latest changes?

  • Under the newly introduced J&K Development Act, the term “being permanent resident of the State” as a criteria has been “omitted”, paving the way for investors outside J&K to invest in the UT.
  • No land used for agriculture purposes shall be used for any non-agricultural purposes except with the permission of the district collector.
  • The government may now allow transfer of land “in favour of a person or an institution for the purpose of promotion of healthcare or senior secondary or higher or specialized education in J&K”.
  • Also, No sale, gift, exchange, or mortgage of the land shall be valid in favour of a person who is not an agriculturist.
  • An Army officer not below the rank of Corps Commander can declare an area as “Strategic Area” within a local area, only for direct operational and training requirements of the armed forces.

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Need for:

The Centre has been arguing that Article 370 hampered development in the U.T. as investors were unable to purchase land prior to August 5, 2019.

Implications:

People, including investors, outside Jammu and Kashmir can now purchase land in the Union Territory.

InstaLinks:

Prelims Link:

  1. New Jammu and Kashmir UT land laws.
  2. Who can buy land in this region now?
  3. Power to declare an area as “Strategic Area”.
  4. What is Article 370?

Mains Link:

Discuss the implications of the new Jammu and Kashmir UT land laws.

Sources: the Hindu.