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[Insights Secure – 2020] Daily UPSC Mains Answer Writing Practice: 27 October 2020

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General Studies – 1


 

Topic : GS-1: Salient features of Indian Society, Diversity of India.

GS-2: Issues relating to development and management of Social Sector/Services relating to Health, Education, Human Resources.

1. Mental health is one of the most neglected social issues in India. Comment. (250 words)

Reference: ncbi.nlm.nih.govresearchmatters.in

Why the question:

The question is based on the theme of Mental Health and its status in India.

Key Demand of the question:

One must explain in what way mental health is one of the most neglected social issues in the country and suggest solutions to address and handle the concerns posed by it.

Directive:

Comment– here we have to express our knowledge and understanding of the issue and form an overall opinion thereupon.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Start with some key statistics portraying the mental health status in our country.

Body:

Explain that mental health is one of the most neglected areas of public health. Close to 1 billion people are living with a mental disorder, 3 million people die every year from the harmful use of alcohol and one person dies every 40 seconds by suicide.

The limited access to quality, affordable mental health care in the world before the pandemic, and particularly in humanitarian emergencies and conflict settings, has been further diminished due to Covid-19 as the pandemic has disrupted health services around the world.

Discuss in what way “mental health” is one of the social issues in the country.

Suggest efforts of the government in this direction.

Conclusion:

Conclude with solutions.

 

Topic: Modern Indian history from about the middle of the eighteenth century until the present- significant events, personalities, issues.

2. Discuss in what way trade monopoly of East India Company was weakened by different Charter Acts passed by the British Parliament. (250 words)

Reference: Modern Indian history by Bipin Chandra

Why the question:

The question is from the static portions of GS paper I.

Key Demand of the question:

Discuss the implications and intentions with which Charter Acts were passed so as to weaken the Trade monopoly of the East India Company by the British Parliament.

Directive:

Discuss – This is an all-encompassing directive – you have to debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You have to give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Set the context of the question first by discussing the coming of the East India Company and establishment of its monopoly in India.

Body:

Explain how different charter acts diluted the trade monopoly of EIC; Charter Act of 1793: It gave the East India Company a monopoly to trade with East only for a period of 20 years. The Charter Act of 1813; ended the trade monopoly of East India Company in India. Charter Act of 1833; It ended the monopoly in trade with China and the monopoly to trade in tea in India and so on.

Discuss the overall impact.

Conclusion:

Conclude on how the British policies ultimately diluted the monopoly of the Company.

 

Topic : Social empowerment

3.Deliberate on the archaic, gendered constructs and divisions present even today in our country and their deep but differential impacts on women and men with suitable illustrations. (250 words)

Reference: Indian Express 

Why the question:

The editorial very well brings to us the Gender disparities prevalent in the country.

Key Demand of the question:

Discuss the factors responsible for the gender disparities in the country.

Directive:

Deliberate – Weigh up to what extent something is true. Persuade the reader of your argument by citing relevant research but also remember to point out any flaws and counter- arguments as well. Conclude by stating clearly how far you agree with the original proposition.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Start by explaining the fact that Indian women have been shouldering a debilitating burden of unpaid household and care work for ages and it’s no different even today.

Body:

Start discussing about what Unpaid labour is. Its connection with Indian women household.

Explain in what way the gender gap in time spent is larger in domestic maintenance than employment related activities.

Take hints from the article and present the underlying causative factors that have led to such gender disparities.

Suggest what needs to be done. Discuss the efforts of the government in this direction.

Conclusion:

Conclude with way forward.

 


General Studies – 2


 

Topic : GS-2: Government policies and interventions for development in various sectors and issues arising out of their design and implementation

GS-3: Science and Technology- developments and their applications and effects in everyday life.

4. Deliberate on the role of knowledge creation, innovation and human development in growth. (250 words)

Reference: Financial Express 

Why the question:

The article explains in what way knowledge impacts society.

Key Demand of the question:

One must deliberate on the role of knowledge creation, innovation and human development in growth.

Directive:

Deliberate – Weigh up to what extent something is true. Persuade the reader of your argument by citing relevant research but also remember to point out any flaws and counter- arguments as well. Conclude by stating clearly how far you agree with the original proposition.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Start by appreciating the fact that the differences in levels of prosperity across nations depend on the amount of knowledge that society holds.

Body:

Explain first the fact that national prosperity is always created, and rarely is inherited. It grows out of the quality of education the country adopts. It grows out of the labour pool, transparency in administration and its currency’s value.

With relevant examples and case studies explain the role of knowledge creation, innovation and human development in growth.

For instance present the case of education in Singapore and its contributions to its growth.

Briefly talk about the concept of ‘knowledge society’.

Conclusion:

Conclude by stating how a knowledge society values and acknowledges the impactful role and contribution of knowledge in pursuit of socio-economic development.

 


General Studies – 3


 

Topic: Conservation, environmental pollution and degradation, environmental impact assessment.

5. “Execution shortfalls in the EIA Rules 2006 have led to hefty burden of litigations, delayed completion of projects and financial losses for the project advocates in our country.” Discuss with pertinent examples. (250 words)

Reference: Indian Express 

Why the question:

The article presents to us the case of Kaleshwaram project and related green clearance and associated violation of laws.

Key Demand of the question:

Explain in detail the implementation issues associated with the EIA rules 2006 and its impact on various fronts.

Directive:

Discuss – This is an all-encompassing directive – you have to debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You have to give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Briefly explain what the EIA rules 2006 are.

Body:

Start with the definition of Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA); it is a process of evaluating the likely environmental impacts of a proposed project or development, taking into account inter-related socio-economic, cultural and human-health impacts, both beneficial and adverse.

Take the case of Kaleshwaram project and explain in what way the project is a classic example of violation of Green laws.

Discuss how it impacts by burdening the courts, leads to incomplete projects or their delayed implementation etc.

Conclusion:

Conclude by suggesting the need to come up with a more stricter framework that ensures better and strict implementation of EIA rules in the country.

 


General Studies – 4


 

Topic : Ethics and Human Interface: Essence, determinants and consequences of Ethics in-human actions; dimensions of ethics; ethics – in private and public relationships. Human Values – lessons from the lives and teachings of great leaders, reformers and administrators; role of Family society and educational institutions in inculcating values.

6. Ethics in professional life is the function of ethics in personal life. Do you agree? Analyse. (250 words)

Reference: Ethics, Integrity and Aptitude by lexicon publications

Why the question:

The question hints at the correlation of ethics in personal life and that of professional life.

Key Demand of the question:

Explain with relevant illustrations how ethics in professional life is the function of ethics in personal life.

Directive:

AnalyzeWhen asked to analyse, you have to examine methodically the structure or nature of the topic by separating it into component parts and present them as a whole in a summary.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Start by defining what you understand by Ethics. Ethics is a system of principles that helps us tell right from wrong, good from bad.

Body:

Good Ethics is a fundamental requirement of any profession. It is integral to the success of the business as well. Ethics is a system of moral principles governing the appropriate conduct of a person or a group. Maintaining good ethics is being consistent with the principles of correct moral conduct constantly.

Explain as said by Albert Schweitzer says, “Ethics is the activity of man directed to secure the inner perfection of his own personality”.

Give examples to justify better.

Conclusion:

Conclude with importance.

 

Topic : Public/Civil service values and Ethics in Public administration: Status and problems; ethical concerns and dilemmas in government and private institutions; laws, rules, regulations and conscience as sources of ethical guidance; accountability and ethical governance; strengthening of ethical and moral values in governance; ethical issues in international relations and funding; corporate governance.

7. Discuss the issue of media trial in India while bringing out the importance of corporate ethics. (250 words)

Reference: Hindustan Times 

Why the question:

The article brings to us the case of Media trials in the country.

Key Demand of the question:

Discuss the issue of media trial in India while bringing out the importance of corporate ethics.

Directive:

Discuss – This is an all-encompassing directive – you have to debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You have to give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Start by explaining what Media trials are.

Body:

In the answer body explain what corporate ethics are; Business ethics (also corporate ethics) is a form of applied ethics or professional ethics that examines ethical principles and moral or ethical problems that arise in a business environment. It applies to all aspects of business conduct and is relevant to the conduct of individuals and entire organizations.

Explain that the impact of television and newspaper coverage on us has been tremendous, no doubt and hence no reasoning is being given. Thus trials undertaken virtually by these forms of media also have become very effective and dominant in India, since the last decade.

Quote examples from the article.

Conclusion:

Conclude with solutions to address the issue and emphasize on the importance of corporate ethics in general.


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