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Despite laws, workers in the field of sanitation in India still face stigma and are devoid of essential rights. Explain.

Topic : Welfare schemes for vulnerable sections of the population by the Centre and States and the performance of these schemes; mechanisms, laws, institutions and Bodies constituted for the protection and betterment of these vulnerable sections.

1. Despite laws, workers in the field of sanitation in India still face stigma and are devoid of essential rights. Explain. (250 words)

Reference: The Hindu

Why the question:

The article brings to us the dismal picture of sanitation workers in the country and the underlying causes that factor into it.

Key Demand of the question:

Explain the plight of sanitation workers in the country and the underlying causes that have led to such a situation.

Directive:

Explain – Clarify the topic by giving a detailed account as to how and why it occurred, or what is the particular context. You must be defining key terms where ever appropriate, and substantiate with relevant associated facts.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Despite multiple laws and provisions, even in 2020, India continues to grapple with the inhuman nature of manual scavenging.

Body:

Explain in detail why despite laws, workers in the field in India still face stigma and are devoid of essential rights.

Discuss one by one the laws and policies taken by the government in this direction.

Explain what are the underlying factors that are responsible for such plight of sanitation workers.

Give example and explain the scenario in detail.

Suggest solutions to address the issue.

Conclusion:

Conclude with what needs to be done and suggest solutions.