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Indian cities are progressively witnessing the disaster of  urban flooding. What are the key causes for their increase? Also discuss foremost mitigation measures for urban flooding.

Topic: GS-2: Important aspects of governance, transparency and accountability, e-governance applications, models, successes, limitations, and potential; citizens charters, transparency & accountability and institutional and other measures.

 GS-3: Disaster and disaster management.

4. Indian cities are progressively witnessing the disaster of  urban flooding. What are the key causes for their increase? Also discuss foremost mitigation measures for urban flooding. (250 words)

Reference: wr i-india.org

Why the question:

The article brings to us the grave concerns of urban flooding in the country.

Key Demand of the question:

One must discuss the main reasons responsible for increase in the number of urban floods every year in the country and discuss mitigation measures to resolve the same.

Directive:

Discuss – This is an all-encompassing directive – you have to debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You have to give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Start by talking about the urban flood management in India.

Body:

First, discuss the issue facing the urban areas in the case of floods. Explain the underlying reasons ranging from lack of urban water and sanitation infrastructure, lack of urban governance in this field etc.

Explain that with multiple, recurring failure of grey infrastructure globally, alternatives are now being sought. Natural ecosystems such as lakes, floodplains or parks, forests -are nature-based solutions (blue-green infrastructure) and offer flexible, low-cost solutions for flood mitigation and management and offer multiple co-benefits.

Suggest more mitigation measures to address the issue. Discuss a case study of any one city in the country to substantiate better.

Conclusion:

Conclude with way forward.