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Write a note on Kailasanatha Temple and Dashavatar Cave architecture of Rashtrakutas.

Topic : Indian culture will cover the salient aspects of Art Forms, literature and Architecture from ancient to modern times.

1. Write a note on Kailasanatha Temple and Dashavatar Cave architecture of Rashtrakutas.(250 words)

Reference: Indian Art and Culture by Nitin Singhania

Why the question:

The question is from the static portions of Art and culture of GS paper I.

Key Demand of the question:

One has to explain the architecture of Rashtrakutas with specific references to Kailasanatha Temple and Dashavatar Cave.

Structure of the answer:


Start with brief introduction on the architectural abilities of Rashtrakutas.


First talk about the Kailasanatha temple; is the largest of the rock-cut Hindu temples at the Ellora Caves, Maharashtra, India. A megalith carved from a rock cliff face, it is considered one of the most remarkable cave temples in the world because of its size, architecture. As per the historical records, it was built by the 8th century Rashtrakuta King Krishna I between the year 756 and 773 AD.

Cave 15 of the Ellora is known as Dashavatara Cave, belongs to the period of Rashtrakuta king, Dantidurga. This cave mainly depicts Lord Shiva & Lord Vishnu in various forms. This two-storeyed structure has a large courtyard in which stands a monolithic Nandi mandapa. River goddesses flank the entrance.

Use pictorial depictions to show the architectural styles and their importance.


Conclude by appreciating such architectural marvels.