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Elucidate the human values and their types with special reference to Patanjali’s classification of virtues.

Topic : Ethics and Human Interface: Essence, determinants and consequences of Ethics in-human actions; dimensions of ethics; ethics – in private and public relationships. Human Values – lessons from the lives and teachings of great leaders, reformers and administrators; role of Family society and educational institutions in inculcating values.

6. Elucidate the human values and their types with special reference to Patanjali’s classification of virtues. (250 words)

Reference: Ethics, Integrity and Aptitude by Lexicon Publications

Why the question:

The question is based on the theme of classification of human values and their types.

Key Demand of the question:

One must elaborate upon the human values and their types with special reference to Patanjali’s classification of virtues.

Directive:

Elucidate – Give a detailed account as to how and why it occurred, or what is the particular context. You must be defining key terms where ever appropriate, and substantiate with relevant associated facts.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Start by explaining what Values are.

Body:

Values can be defined as those things that are valued by someone. In other words, values are what is considered ‘important ‘by an individual or an organization. Examples include courage, honesty, freedom, innovation etc.

Then move onto discuss the types of values.

Elaborate that Patanjali’s Yoga Sutra I. 33 makes complete sense that helps us inculcate four primary virtues i.e. Maitri= Friendship; Karuna= Compassion; Mudita= Joy; Upekshanam=Indifference. These virtues are fundamental for our own favorable disposition or mental peace.

Give examples to explain the importance of values in general.

Conclusion:

Conclude with way forward.