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Discuss the importance of making Indian Cities River sensitive to ensure effective management riverine ecosystems in the country.

Topic GS-1: urbanization, their problems and their remedies.

GS-3: Conservation, environmental pollution and degradation, environmental impact assessment.

5. Discuss the importance of making Indian Cities River sensitive to ensure effective management riverine ecosystems in the country. (250 words)

Reference: Indian Express 

Why the question:

The author explains in what ways mix of engineering and planning-related approaches, initiatives to make people empathize with riverine ecosystems could restore the health of these water bodies.

Key Demand of the question:

Explain in detail the importance of making Indian Cities River sensitive to ensure effective management riverine ecosystems in the country.

Directive:

Discuss – This is an all-encompassing directive – you have to debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You have to give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Firstly, talk about the relationship that riverine ecosystems share with cities.

Body:

Highlight the key concerns associated with water bodies that fall under city limits. For example 63 per cent of sewage flows into our rivers untreated every day.

Then talk about urban river management; explain how it is all about arriving at transformative solutions that are not restricted to merely the river zone. Several of these may, in fact, need to cover the entire city. To make this happen, a mix of both engineering and planning-related approaches are required.

Discuss the importance of understanding cities as inter-related “operational units” that will help realize the vision of an overall river basin management plan.

Take hints from the article and present viewpoints with suitable examples.

Conclusion:

Conclude with suitable solutions.