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Thalassemia Bal Sewa Yojna

Topics Covered: Issues related to health.

Thalassemia Bal Sewa Yojna:


Context:

Union Health Minister launches 2nd phase of “Thalassemia Bal Sewa Yojna”.

About the scheme:

Launched in 2017, this scheme is a Coal India CSR funded Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation (HSCT) program.

  • It aims to provide a one-time cure opportunity for Haemoglobinopathies like Thalassaemia and Sickle Cell Disease for patients who have a matched family donor.

What is Thalassemia?

It is a chronic blood disorder. It is a genetic disorder due to which a patient cannot make enough hemoglobin found in Red Blood Cells (RBC’s). This leads to anemia and patients also require blood transfusions every two to three weeks to survive.

  • India is the thalassaemia capital of the world with 40 million carriers and over 1,00,000 thalassaemia majors under blood transfusion every month.

thalassemia

InstaLinks:

Prelims Link:

  1. What is Thalaseemia?
  2. How is it caused?
  3. Is it a genetic disorder?

Sources: PIB.