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75th Anniversary of FAO

Topics Covered: Important International institutions, agencies and fora, their structure, mandate.

75th Anniversary of FAO:


Context:

75th Anniversary of Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) on 16th October 2020.

  • India has released a commemorative coin of Rs 75 denomination to mark the occasion.

India and FAO:

India has had a historic association with FAO.

  • Indian Civil Service Officer Dr. Binay Ranjan Sen was the Director General of FAO during 1956-1967.
  • The World Food Programme, which has won the Nobel Peace Prize 2020, was established during his time.
  • India’s proposals for the International Year of Pulses in 2016 and the International Year of Millets 2023 have also been endorsed by FAO.

Basics:

About FAO:

It is a specialized agency of the United Nations that leads international efforts to defeat hunger.

Headquarters: Rome, Italy

Founded: 16 October 1945

Goal of FAO: Their goal is to achieve food security for all and make sure that people have regular access to enough high-quality food to lead active, healthy lives.

Important reports and Programmes (Have a brief overview):

  1. Global Report on Food Crises.
  2. Every two years, FAO publishes the State of the World’s Forests.
  3. FAO and the World Health Organization created the Codex Alimentarius Commission in 1961 to develop food standards, guidelines and texts.
  4. In 1996, FAO organized the World Food Summit. The Summit concluded with the signing of the Rome Declaration, which established the goal of halving the number of people who suffer from hunger by the year 2015.
  5. In 2004 the Right to Food Guidelines were adopted, offering guidance to states on how to implement their obligations on the right to food.
  6. FAO created the International Plant Protection Convention or IPPC in 1952.
  7. FAO is depositary of the International Treaty on Plant Genetic Resources for Food and Agriculture, also called Plant Treaty, Seed Treaty or ITPGRFA, entered into force on 29 June 2004.
  8. The Globally Important Agricultural Heritage Systems (GIAHS) Partnership Initiative was conceptualized in 2002 during World Summit on Sustainable Development in Johannesburg, South Africa.

InstaLinks:

Prelims Link:

  1. About FAO, establishment and objectives.
  2. Important reports and Programmes.

Mains Link:

Write a note on the World Food Programme.

Sources: PIB.