Topic : Conservation, environmental pollution and degradation, environmental impact assessment.
6. Assess implications of phasing out fossil fuel subsidies on the mitigation of climate change. (250 words )
Reference: science direct
Why the question:
The article presents to us the long-term climate policy implications of phasing out fossil fuel subsidies.
Key Demand of the question:
Assess – Weigh up to what extent something is true. Persuade the reader of your argument by citing relevant research but also remember to point out any flaws and counter- arguments as well. Conclude by stating clearly how far you are in agreement with the original proposition.
Structure of the answer:
Talk about the scenario of phasing out fossil fuel subsidies and underlying factors.
It is often argued that fossil fuel subsidies hamper the transition towards a sustainable energy supply as they incentivize wasteful consumption.
Discuss in detail the implications of phasing out fossil fuel subsidies on the mitigation of climate change such as –
- The removal of subsidies leads to a net-reduction in the use of energy.
- Emission reductions contribute little to stabilize greenhouse gases at 450 ppm if not combined with climate policies.
- Low carbon alternatives may encounter comparative disadvantages due to relative price changes at world markets.
Discuss both advantages and disadvantages.
Highlight their impact on mitigation of climate change.
Conclude that removal of fossil fuel subsidies, if not complemented by other policies, can slow down a global transition towards a renewable based energy system. The reason is that world market prices for fossil fuels may drop due to a removal of subsidies. Thus, low carbon alternatives would encounter comparative disadvantages.