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The new labour codes do little to provide better pay and definitive rights to platform workers, critically examine.

Topic : GS-2: Government policies and interventions for development in various sectors and issues arising out of their design and implementation.

 GS-3: Indian Economy and issues relating to planning, mobilization, of resources, growth, development and employment.

5. The new labour codes do little to provide better pay and definitive rights to platform workers, critically examine. (250 words)

Reference: The Hindu 

Why the question:

The article analyzes the impact of the new labour codes on the platform workers.

Key Demand of the question:

Critically analyse in what way the new labour codes do little to provide better pay and definitive rights to platform workers.

Directive:

Critically examine – When asked to ‘Examine’, we have to look into the topic (content words) in detail, inspect it, investigate it and establish the key facts and issues related to the topic in question. While doing so we should explain why these facts and issues are important and their implications. When ‘critically’ is suffixed or prefixed to a directive, one needs to look at the good and bad of the topic and give a fair judgment.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Three new labour codes were passed by the Parliament recently. One of them is the Social Security Code Bill.

Body:

The new labour codes acknowledge platform and gig workers as new occupational categories in the making.

What a platform worker is allowed to claim as rights, responsibilities and working conditions that can be legally upheld is a key aspect in these codes.

One of the major proposals of the Social Security Code is to bring unorganised sector, gig workers and platform workers under the ambit of social security schemes, including life and disability insurance, health and maternity benefits, provident fund and skill up-gradation.

Present the associated concerns, highlight the core issues and analyse what needs to be done.

Conclusion:

Conclude that the lack of guarantees for better and more stable days for platform workers, even though they are meant to be ‘the future of work’ is a cause of concern and needs to be addressed.