Print Friendly, PDF & Email

[Insights Secure – 2020] Daily UPSC Mains Answer Writing Practice: 9 October 2020

Click on EACH question to post/upload you answers.

How to Follow Secure Initiative?

How to Self-evaluate your answer? 

INSIGHTS NEW SECURE – 2020: YEARLONG TIMETABLE

Join IPM to get an assured review of 2 secure answers everyday

 


General Studies – 2


 

Topic : Structure, organization and functioning of the Executive and the Judiciary—Ministries and Departments of the Government; pressure groups and formal/informal associations and their role in the Polity.

1. Do you think Judicial Activism plays a key role in keeping a check on the powers of the Parliament? Critically examine.  (250 words)

Reference: Indian polity by Lakshmikant

Why the question:

The question aims to ascertain the role of judicial activism.

Key Demand of the question:

One has to explain in what way the power of judicial activism is key to the system of checks and balances.

Directive:

Critically examine – When asked to ‘Examine’, we have to look into the topic (content words) in detail, inspect it, investigate it and establish the key facts and issues related to the topic in question. While doing so we should explain why these facts and issues are important and their implications. When ‘critically’ is suffixed or prefixed to a directive, one needs to look at the good and bad of the topic and give a fair judgment.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Define first what you understand by judicial activism.

Body:

Judicial activism in India implies the authority of the Supreme Court and the high courts, but not the subordinate courts, to declare the regulations unconstitutional and void if they breach or if the legislation is incompatible with one or more of the constitutional clauses.

One can as well mark at the difference between judicial activism and judicial overreach.

Depict with suitable examples the role played by Indian judiciary through judicial activism.

Conclusion:

Conclude with importance.

 

Topic : Indian Constitution—historical underpinnings, evolution, features, amendments, significant provisions and basic structure.

2. While upholding the right to peaceful protest against a law, it is important to set limits for tolerance of dissent in a democracy. Comment. (250 words)

Reference: Indian Express

Why the question:

The Supreme Court said the indefinite occupation of a public road by the Shaheen Bagh protesters unacceptable.

Key Demand of the question:

Discuss the importance of setting limits for tolerance of dissent in a democracy.

Directive:

Comment– here we have to express our knowledge and understanding of the issue and form an overall opinion thereupon.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Discuss briefly the context of the question.

Body:

Explain in what way while upholding the right to peaceful protest against a law, it is important to set limits for tolerance of dissent in a democracy.

The judgment upheld the right to peaceful protest against a law. It also made clear that public ways and public spaces cannot be occupied, especially indefinitely.

Discuss in detail the associated nuances; present the verdict of the apex court.

Conclusion:

Conclude by suggesting the way forward and need to respect the limit to tolerance of dissent in a democracy.

 

Topic : Government Policies and Interventions for Development in various sectors and Issues arising out of their Design and Implementation.

3. In what way Natural Gas Marketing Reforms will help in taking another significant step to move towards gas based economy? Explain. (250 words)

Reference: pib.gov.in

Why the question:

CCEA approved natural Gas marketing reforms recently thus the question.

Key Demand of the question:

Explain in what way Natural Gas Marketing Reforms will help in taking another significant step to move towards gas based economy.

Directive:

Explain – Clarify the topic by giving a detailed account as to how and why it occurred, or what is the particular context. You must be defining key terms where ever appropriate, and substantiate with relevant associated facts.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Briefly present the natural gas marketing reforms.

Body:

Cabinet Committee on Economic Affairs approved ‘Natural Gas Marketing Reforms’, taking another significant step to move towards gas based economy.

The policy aims to provide standard procedure for sale of natural gas in a transparent and competitive manner to discover market price by issuing guidelines for sale by contractor through e-bidding.

This will bring uniformity in the bidding process across the various contractual regimes and

Policies to avoid ambiguity and contribute towards ease of doing business.

List down the benefits of such reforms.  

Conclusion:

Conclude that such reforms will ensure sustainability of the domestic production in long run.

 

Topic : Government policies and interventions for development in various sectors and issues arising out of their design and implementation.

4. Triumph of Atmanirbhar Bharat initiative hinges upon Skill India. Analyse. (250 words)

Reference: pib.gov.in

Why the question:

The question is in the context of Minister of Skill development conversation at PHD Chamber on its 115th Annual Session.

Key Demand of the question:

Explain in what way success of Atmanirbhar Bharat initiative hinges upon Skill India.

Directive:

AnalyzeWhen asked to analyse, you have to examine methodically the structure or nature of the topic by separating it into component parts and present them as a whole in a summary.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Briefly write about Atmanirbhar Bharat.

Body:

Write the challenges associated with respect to lack of skills. 

Then move onto explaining about the prospect of integrating Make in India with Skill India.

Talk about Skilling, re-skilling, up-skilling and industry-connect skilling, relate it with Atmanirbhar Bharat.

Conclusion:

Conclude with importance of Atmanirbhar Bharat initiative and integrating it with skill India.

 

Topic : GS-2: Government policies and interventions for development in various sectors and issues arising out of their design and implementation.

 GS-3: Indian Economy and issues relating to planning, mobilization, of resources, growth, development and employment.

5. The new labour codes do little to provide better pay and definitive rights to platform workers, critically examine. (250 words)

Reference: The Hindu 

Why the question:

The article analyzes the impact of the new labour codes on the platform workers.

Key Demand of the question:

Critically analyse in what way the new labour codes do little to provide better pay and definitive rights to platform workers.

Directive:

Critically examine – When asked to ‘Examine’, we have to look into the topic (content words) in detail, inspect it, investigate it and establish the key facts and issues related to the topic in question. While doing so we should explain why these facts and issues are important and their implications. When ‘critically’ is suffixed or prefixed to a directive, one needs to look at the good and bad of the topic and give a fair judgment.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Three new labour codes were passed by the Parliament recently. One of them is the Social Security Code Bill.

Body:

The new labour codes acknowledge platform and gig workers as new occupational categories in the making.

What a platform worker is allowed to claim as rights, responsibilities and working conditions that can be legally upheld is a key aspect in these codes.

One of the major proposals of the Social Security Code is to bring unorganised sector, gig workers and platform workers under the ambit of social security schemes, including life and disability insurance, health and maternity benefits, provident fund and skill up-gradation.

Present the associated concerns, highlight the core issues and analyse what needs to be done.

Conclusion:

Conclude that the lack of guarantees for better and more stable days for platform workers, even though they are meant to be ‘the future of work’ is a cause of concern and needs to be addressed.

 


General Studies – 3


 

Topic : Disaster and disaster management.

6. Analyze the current flood forecasting system in India and its lacunae and suggests appropriate measures to improve it. (250 words)

Reference: The Hindu 

Why the question:

The article analyzes the current flood forecasting system in India and its lacunae and suggests appropriate measures to improve it. Thus the question.

Key Demand of the question:

Analyze the current flood forecasting system in India and its lacunae and suggests appropriate measures to improve it.

Directive:

AnalyzeWhen asked to analyse, you have to examine methodically the structure or nature of the topic by separating it into component parts and present them as a whole in a summary.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Start by explaining the current flood forecasting system in India.

Body:

Present the flood scenario in India first. Floods have been a recurrent phenomenon in India and cause huge losses to lives, properties, livelihood systems, infrastructure and public utilities.

According to the National Disaster Management Authority, around 40 million hectares of land in India are exposed to floods (around 12 percent of the total land area).

The most flood-prone basins are those of the Ganga and Brahmaputra in Uttar Pradesh, Bihar, West Bengal and Assam, followed by Baitarni, the Brahmani, and the Subarnarekha basin in Odisha.

Explain then the lacunae present in the current flood forecasting system.

Conclusion:

Conclude with measures and solutions.

 


General Studies – 4


 

Topic : Probity in Governance: Concept of public service; Philosophical basis of governance and probity; Information sharing and transparency in government, Right to Information, Codes of Ethics, Codes of Conduct, Citizen’s Charters, Work culture, Quality of service delivery, Utilization of public funds, challenges of corruption.

7. Probity and efficiency need not necessarily be exclusive. Explain with suitable examples. (250 words)

Reference: Ethics, Integrity and Aptitude by Lexicon Publications

Why the question:

The question is premised on the importance of probity and efficiency.

Key Demand of the question:

Explain with examples in what way probity and efficiency need not necessarily be exclusive.

Directive:

Explain – Clarify the topic by giving a detailed account as to how and why it occurred, or what is the particular context. You must be defining key terms where ever appropriate, and substantiate with relevant associated facts.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Probity in governance is an essential and vital requirement for an efficient and effective system of governance and for socio-economic development.

Body:

Define what probity is, what efficiency is to administration.

Discuss the importance of probity and efficiency in governance and in general administration.

Such questions are best explained with examples; discuss how efficiency and probity can mutually inclusive. Give examples from government offices.

Conclusion:

Conclude with importance of the two and highlight their mutual inclusiveness.


  • Join our Official Telegram Channel HERE for Motivation and Fast Updates
  • Subscribe to our YouTube Channel HERE to watch Motivational and New analysis videos