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Analyze the current flood forecasting system in India and its lacunae and suggests appropriate measures to improve it.

Topic : Disaster and disaster management.

6. Analyze the current flood forecasting system in India and its lacunae and suggests appropriate measures to improve it. (250 words)

Reference: The Hindu 

Why the question:

The article analyzes the current flood forecasting system in India and its lacunae and suggests appropriate measures to improve it. Thus the question.

Key Demand of the question:

Analyze the current flood forecasting system in India and its lacunae and suggests appropriate measures to improve it.

Directive:

AnalyzeWhen asked to analyse, you have to examine methodically the structure or nature of the topic by separating it into component parts and present them as a whole in a summary.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Start by explaining the current flood forecasting system in India.

Body:

Present the flood scenario in India first. Floods have been a recurrent phenomenon in India and cause huge losses to lives, properties, livelihood systems, infrastructure and public utilities.

According to the National Disaster Management Authority, around 40 million hectares of land in India are exposed to floods (around 12 percent of the total land area).

The most flood-prone basins are those of the Ganga and Brahmaputra in Uttar Pradesh, Bihar, West Bengal and Assam, followed by Baitarni, the Brahmani, and the Subarnarekha basin in Odisha.

Explain then the lacunae present in the current flood forecasting system.

Conclusion:

Conclude with measures and solutions.