Topic : Government policies and interventions for development in various sectors and issues arising out of their design and implementation.
3. Why early learning in mother tongue is more effective but hard to implement in India? Examine. (250 words)
Reference: The Hindu
Why the question:
The Andhra Pradesh government has approached the Supreme Court challenging its State High Court decision to strike down a government order which made English medium education compulsory from classes I to VI in primary, upper primary and high schools under all managements from 2020-21.
Key Demand of the question:
One has to analyse why early learning in mother tongue is more effective but hard to implement in India.
Examine – When asked to ‘Examine’, we must look into the topic (content words) in detail, inspect it, investigate it and establish the key facts and issues related to the topic in question. While doing so we should explain why these facts and issues are important and their implications.
Structure of the answer:
Start by discussing in general the significance of mother tongue in child education.
Early schooling in a child’s mother tongue, as recommended in the new National Education Policy, can improve learning, increase student participation and reduce the number of dropouts. However, this would need new books, fresh teacher training and more funding.
Present the hurdles in implementing such a policy in India – Parents prefer to send their children to ‘English-medium’ schools regardless of the quality of education they offer because of the perception that mastery of the English language ensures success in later life. For example, in 2017-18, about 14% of those who were enrolled in private schools in India’s rural areas and 19.3% in urban areas chose a private school because English was the medium of instruction.
Suggest a balanced opinion as to what needs to be done.
Conclude with a fair and balanced opinion.