Print Friendly, PDF & Email

[Insights Secure – 2020] Daily UPSC Mains Answer Writing Practice: 8 October 2020

Click on EACH question to post/upload you answers.

How to Follow Secure Initiative?

How to Self-evaluate your answer? 

INSIGHTS NEW SECURE – 2020: YEARLONG TIMETABLE

Join IPM to get an assured review of 2 secure answers everyday

 


General Studies – 1


 

Topic : Modern Indian history from about the middle of the eighteenth century until the present- significant events, personalities, issues.

1. Discuss the contributions of social reformers of 19th century in the making of modern India. (250 words)

Reference: Modern Indian history by Bipin Chandra

Why the question:

The question is from the static portions of GS paper I.

Key Demand of the question:

Discuss the contributions of social reformers of 19th century in the making of modern India.

Directive:

Discuss – This is an all-encompassing directive – you have to debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You have to give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Start by suggesting key social reformers of 19th century.

Body:

The main body should focus on how early social reformers wanted to enlighten Indians that Sati, infanticide etc. should be banned not because that would be conformant with the European ideals of rationalism, empiricism, monotheism and individualism but because they are not allowed in the Indian religious text. How they wanted to preserve the society while changing the behaviors of its members.

Discuss different contributors of the social reforms.

Conclusion:

Conclude with importance of their contributions.

 


General Studies – 2


 

Topic : Bilateral, regional and global groupings and agreements involving India and/or affecting India’s interests.

2. “Quadrilateral Security Dialogue (Quad) has become as a mode of geopolitical signaling today”, in the context of the statement explain the coming and relevance of Quad as of today. (250 words)

Reference: Hindustan Times

Why the question:

The editorial talks about Quad and in what way it has gained a mode of geopolitical signaling today.

Key Demand of the question:

Explain in detail the coming and relevance of quad as of today.

Directive:

Explain – Clarify the topic by giving a detailed account as to how and why it occurred, or what is the particular context. You must be defining key terms where ever appropriate, and substantiate with relevant associated facts.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Briefly explain what quad is.

Body:

The Quadrilateral Security Dialogue (QSD, also known as the Quad) is an informal strategic forum between the United States, Japan, Australia and India that is maintained by semi-regular summits, information exchanges and military drills between member countries.

Discuss the original Quad was a disaster-relief exercise. It broke up, came together again, and then struggled to find convergence among its members.

Explain its relevance as of today, present situations to justify.

Conclusion:

Conclude with way forward.

 

Topic : Government policies and interventions for development in various sectors and issues arising out of their design and implementation.

3. Why early learning in mother tongue is more effective but hard to implement in India? Examine. (250 words)

Reference: The Hindu

Why the question:

The Andhra Pradesh government has approached the Supreme Court challenging its State High Court decision to strike down a government order which made English medium education compulsory from classes I to VI in primary, upper primary and high schools under all managements from 2020-21.

Key Demand of the question:

One has to analyse why early learning in mother tongue is more effective but hard to implement in India.

Directive:

Examine – When asked to ‘Examine’, we must look into the topic (content words) in detail, inspect it, investigate it and establish the key facts and issues related to the topic in question. While doing so we should explain why these facts and issues are important and their implications.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Start by discussing in general the significance of mother tongue in child education.

Body:

Early schooling in a child’s mother tongue, as recommended in the new National Education Policy, can improve learning, increase student participation and reduce the number of dropouts. However, this would need new books, fresh teacher training and more funding.

Present the hurdles in implementing such a policy in India – Parents prefer to send their children to ‘English-medium’ schools regardless of the quality of education they offer because of the perception that mastery of the English language ensures success  in later life. For example, in 2017-18, about 14% of those who were enrolled in private schools in India’s rural areas and 19.3% in urban areas chose a private school because English was the medium of instruction.

Suggest a balanced opinion as to what needs to be done.

Conclusion:

Conclude with a fair and balanced opinion.

 

 Topic : Functions and responsibilities of the Union and the States, issues and challenges pertaining to the federal structure, devolution of powers and finances up to local levels and challenges therein.

4. Discuss the causes of Inter-State Water Disputes in India; also state the reasons for delay in resolving river water disputes. (250 words)

Reference: The Hindu

Why the question:

Andhra Pradesh and Telangana have had differences between the sharing of water resources post the bifurcation of the erstwhile state of Andhra Pradesh. Thus the question.

Key Demand of the question:

Discuss in detail the causes of Inter-State Water Disputes in India; also state the reasons for delay in resolving river water disputes.

Directive:

Discuss – This is an all-encompassing directive – you have to debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You have to give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

The Inter-State River Water Disputes are one of the most contentious issues in the Indian federalism today.

Body:

Start by hinting first at the constitutional provisions; Entry 17 of State List deals with water i.e. water supply, irrigation, canal, drainage, embankments, water storage and water power. Entry 56 of Union List empowers the Union Government for the regulation and development of inter-state rivers and river valleys to the extent declared by Parliament to be expedient in the public interest. And talk about Article 262.

Then list down the causes of Inter-State Water Dispute with examples.

State the reasons for delay in resolving river water disputes.

Conclusion:

Conclude with possible solutions.

 


General Studies – 3


 

Topic : Major crops-cropping patterns in various parts of the country, – different types of irrigation and irrigation systems storage, transport and marketing of agricultural produce and issues and related constraints; e-technology in the aid of farmers.

5. The century’s most valuable innovation in farm management is based on using Information and Communications Technologies, in such a context discuss the importance of precision farming to Indian agriculture. (250 words)

Reference: pib.gov.in

Why the question:

The article highlights about the session on “Sensors and Sensing for Precision Agriculture” was organized under “Precision Agriculture” by ICAR-Indian Agricultural Research Institute with total participation of 1019 including 38 panelists on 05th October 2020, as part of the Vaishwik Bhartiya Vaigyanik (VAIBHAV) Summit 2020.

Key Demand of the question:

Discuss and elaborate in what way the century’s most valuable innovation in farm management is based on using Information and Communications Technologies.

Directive:

Discuss – This is an all-encompassing directive – you have to debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You have to give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Start by defining what precision farming is.

Body:

In the answer body first explain in what way information and technology-based farm management system identifies, analyses and manages variability in fields by conducting crop production practices at the right place and time and in the right way, for optimum profitability, sustainability and protection of the land resource.

Discuss the importance of adopting precision farming by the Indian farmers. List down the advantages and concerns if any.

One can present case studies to substantiate better.

Conclusion:

Conclude with way forward.

 

Topic : Challenges to internal security through communication networks, role of media and social networking sites in internal security challenges

6. With Digital space today serving as the scene of sex crime, the urgent need of making social media accountable can not be less emphasized. Analyse. (250 words)

Reference: Indian Express 

Why the question:

The article brings to us the bleak side of digital spaces of today’s times and in what way they have become scenes of sex crime.

Key Demand of the question:

Analyse in what way digital spaces of today have made people vulnerable to sex crimes.

Directive:

AnalyzeWhen asked to analyse, you have to examine methodically the structure or nature of the topic by separating it into component parts and present them as a whole in a summary.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Set the context of the question in short.

Body:

Briefly first talk about rising incidences of invasion of sexual privacy and different forms of online harassment prevalently being witnessed.

Present some statistics suggesting the severity of the issue – The scale of the problem can be gauged from the half-a-million reports of revenge porn received per month by Facebook alone.

Explain the grave concerns and challenges involved. Given that the digital space is increasingly serving as the scene of unprecedented sex crimes, there is a dire need for an impactful solution.

Suggest set of solutions to address the issue.

Conclusion:

Conclude that With the world’s largest population of young people, vulnerable to new mutations of deeply scarring sex crimes, the criticality of the PIL filed in India’s Supreme Court to establish an efficient mechanism to remove sexually-graphic abusive content and to seek accountability from social media platforms cannot be overemphasized.

 


General Studies – 4


 

Topic: Case study

7. A building permitted for three floors, while being extended illegally to 6 floors by a builder, collapses. As a consequence, a number of innocent labourers including women and children died. These laborers are migrants of different places. The government immediately announced cash relief to the aggrieved families and arrested the builder.

Give reasons for such incidents taking place across the country. Suggest measures to prevent their occurrence. (250 words)

Reference:  Case study

Why the question:

The question is premised on the illegality of the site construction and the effect of it on poor labourers including women and children.

Key Demand of the question:

One has to analyse and give reasons for such incidents taking place across the country. Suggest measures to prevent their occurrence.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Comment on the incident, identify the victims and hint on the core issue that caused it.

Body:

Start listing the reasons for such incidents – Greediness on the part of builders. No proper mechanism for monitoring the construction buildings which have already taken permission: whether they are constructing in according to the permission taken or not, Corruption among town planning officers , building permission granting authority, Under staffing of the department, Political interferences in giving permissions, No fear among the culprits, because conviction rate is very low in our country, Investigative system and judiciary work at lower pace in our country etc.

Suggest measures to prevent such incidences from happening.

Conclusion:

Conclude with way forward.


  • Join our Official Telegram Channel HERE for Motivation and Fast Updates
  • Subscribe to our YouTube Channel HERE to watch Motivational and New analysis videos