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Google to face antitrust case in India

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Google to face antitrust case in India:


Context:

Google is facing a new antitrust case in India. It is alleged to have abused its Android operating system’s position in the smart television market.

  • The case is Google’s fourth major antitrust challenge in India.
  • Besides, Google is also facing antitrust challenges in the U.S., and a potential antitrust probe in China.

What are anti-trust laws?

  • Also referred to as competition laws.
  • They are developed to protect consumers from predatory business practices.
  • They ensure that fair competition exists in an open-market economy.
  • They guard against would-be monopolies and disruptions to the productive ebb and flow of competition.

India’s Anti-Trust Regulation Framework:

The Competition Act, 2002 is India’s antitrust law. It replaced the Monopolistic and Restrictive Trade Practices Act of 1969.

  • The Act prohibits: anti-competitive agreements; abuse of dominant position by enterprises; and regulates combinations (Mergers and Acquisition), which causes or likely to cause an appreciable adverse effect on competition within India.
  • Under the provisions of this act, the central government has established Competition Commission of India in 2003 which acts as a watchdog of free market economy.

InstaLinks:

Prelims Link:

  1. About CCI.
  2. Various institution established under Competition Act, 2002.

Sources: the Hindu.