Topic : Modern Indian history from about the middle of the eighteenth century until the present- significant events, personalities, issues.
1. Discuss the contributions of social reformers of 19th century in the making of modern India. (250 words)
Reference: Modern Indian history by Bipin Chandra
Why the question:
The question is from the static portions of GS paper I.
Key Demand of the question:
Discuss the contributions of social reformers of 19th century in the making of modern India.
Discuss – This is an all-encompassing directive – you have to debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You have to give reasons for both for and against arguments.
Structure of the answer:
Start by suggesting key social reformers of 19th century.
The main body should focus on how early social reformers wanted to enlighten Indians that Sati, infanticide etc. should be banned not because that would be conformant with the European ideals of rationalism, empiricism, monotheism and individualism but because they are not allowed in the Indian religious text. How they wanted to preserve the society while changing the behaviors of its members.
Discuss different contributors of the social reforms.
Conclude with importance of their contributions.