Topic : Functions and responsibilities of the Union and the States, issues and challenges pertaining to the federal structure, devolution of powers and finances up to local levels and challenges therein.
4. Discuss the causes of Inter-State Water Disputes in India; also state the reasons for delay in resolving river water disputes. (250 words)
Reference: The Hindu
Why the question:
Andhra Pradesh and Telangana have had differences between the sharing of water resources post the bifurcation of the erstwhile state of Andhra Pradesh. Thus the question.
Key Demand of the question:
Discuss in detail the causes of Inter-State Water Disputes in India; also state the reasons for delay in resolving river water disputes.
Discuss – This is an all-encompassing directive – you have to debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You have to give reasons for both for and against arguments.
Structure of the answer:
The Inter-State River Water Disputes are one of the most contentious issues in the Indian federalism today.
Start by hinting first at the constitutional provisions; Entry 17 of State List deals with water i.e. water supply, irrigation, canal, drainage, embankments, water storage and water power. Entry 56 of Union List empowers the Union Government for the regulation and development of inter-state rivers and river valleys to the extent declared by Parliament to be expedient in the public interest. And talk about Article 262.
Then list down the causes of Inter-State Water Dispute with examples.
State the reasons for delay in resolving river water disputes.
Conclude with possible solutions.