Topic : GS-1: Important Geophysical phenomena such as earthquakes, Tsunami, Volcanic activity, cyclone etc., geographical features and their location-changes in critical geographical features (including water-bodies and ice-caps) and in flora and fauna and the effects of such changes.
GS-3: Conservation, environmental pollution and degradation, environmental impact assessment.
1. Discuss in what way Climate change is disrupting the water cycle on Earth and thus has made water- a public resource more crucial. (250 words)
Reference: Down to Earth
Why the question:
The article explains in a world driven by climate change water, as a public resource, has become crucial.
Key Demand of the question:
Explain the correlation of climate change and the water cycle of the Earth.
Discuss – This is an all-encompassing directive – you have to debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You have to give reasons for both for and against arguments.
Structure of the answer:
Start by explaining the fact that water is not just conditional to life, but is also a conduit to the biggest contemporary threat to life — climate change.
One must explain the impact of climate change with specific case of its effect on water cycle.
Present key statistics and suggest on the issue – According to the United Nations’ World Water Development Report 2018, some 3.6 billion people across the world live in areas that witness water scarcity for at least a month in a year. By 2050, this number would rise to 5.7 billion.
Discuss what measures should be taken to overcome and prevent the issue.
Conclude on the lines that “Water is to adaptation what energy is to mitigation”.