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NCRB Report on crimes against SCs and STs

Topics Covered: Salient features of Indian Society, Diversity of India.

NCRB Report on crimes against SCs and STs:


The National Crime Records Bureau (NCRB) has released the annual Crime in India 2019 report.

Key findings:

  • Increase in crimes against members of the Scheduled Castes (SCs) and the Scheduled Tribes (STs): There is an increase of over 7% and 26% in 2019 compared with the 2018 figures.
  • Increase of 1.6% in the registration of cases over 2018.
  • Uttar Pradesh recorded the highest number of crimes against the SCs in 2019, followed by Rajasthan and Bihar.
  • Madhya Pradesh recorded the highest number of cases against STs, followed by Rajasthan, and Odisha.
  • In the number of cases of rape of women belonging to the SCs, Rajasthan topped the list followed by Uttar Pradesh and Madhya Pradesh.
  • Madhya Pradesh recorded the highest number of cases against the STs, followed by Rajasthan and Odisha.
  • The highest number of incidents of rape of tribal women was registered in Madhya Pradesh.

Overall crimes against women:

A total of 4,05,861 cases of crime against women were registered in 2019 compared to 3,78,236 cases in 2018, showing an increase of 7.3%.


Increased by 63.5% in 2019. Out of this, 60.4% of cybercrime cases registered were for the motive of fraud, followed by sexual exploitation, with 5.1%.

Drawbacks of the survey:

Commonwealth Human Rights Initiative (CHRI), a police reforms advocacy group, said few cases were being registered for specific discriminatory action against SCs and STs.

  • The low percentage of cases registered indicates that very few cases alleging specific discriminatory actions on the basis of caste and tribal identity that are defined as atrocities under Section 3 of the Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes (Prevention of Atrocities Act), 1989 are being registered on their own.
  • Such actions are registered mainly when accompanied by any of the IPC offences.
  • Also, there is no data on total complaints received on crimes against the Scheduled Castes.



Prelims Link:

  1. What is NCRB? When was it established?
  2. It works under which Ministry?
  3. Reports by NCRB.
  4. Key findings in the report given above.

Mains Link:

Discuss why crimes against SCs and STs are increasing? Suggest suitable solutions.

Sources: the Hindu.