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[Insights Secure – 2020] Daily UPSC Mains Answer Writing Practice: 1 October 2020

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General Studies – 1


 

Topic : Modern Indian history from about the middle of the eighteenth century until the present- significant events, personalities, issues.

1. Assess the role of Indian Civil Services in facilitating and furthering the British Rule in India.(250 words)

Reference:  Modern Indian history by Bipin Chandra

Why the question:

The question is based on the role of Indian Civil Services in facilitating and furthering the British Rule in India.

Key Demand of the question:

Explain the role played by Indian Civil Services in facilitating and furthering the British Rule in India.

Directive:

Assess – Weigh up to what extent something is true. Persuade the reader of your argument by citing relevant research but also remember to point out any flaws and counter- arguments as well. Conclude by stating clearly how far you are in agreement with the original proposition.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Briefly narrate the background of Indian civil services and its coming in the Indian history.

Body:

Civilian administration had always remained in Indian hands, even under the Mughals, as part of a deliberate policy of assimilation. But the British saw themselves as a superior race and, seeking to impose colonial rule for commercial gain, considered it necessary to man their administration at all senior and strategic levels with their own personnel.

The question of the “Indianisation” of the civil service in India thus directly arose for the first time after the assumption and gradual consolidation of administrative power by the East India Company, and subsequently by the British government.

Explain such above factors and explain how it furthered British rule in India.

Conclusion:

Conclude with its effect which hold true even today.

 

Topic:  Indian culture will cover the salient aspects of Art Forms, literature and Architecture from ancient to modern times.

2. State the core principles of Bhakti movement that defied the existing social system and values. What impact did Kabir and Nanak leave on Indian society and culture? Discuss.  (250 words)

Reference:  Indian art and culture by Nitin Singhania

Why the question:

Question is premised on the theme of Bhakti movement and its contributions in defying the existing social system and values.

Key Demand of the question:

Explain in detail core principles of Bhakti movement that defied the existing social system and values. Also bring out the contributions of Kabir and Nanak.

Directive:

Discuss – This is an all-encompassing directive – you have to debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You have to give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Discuss what Bhakti movement is.

Body:

The most important social impact of the Bhakti movement was that the followers of the Bhakti movement rejected the caste distinction. They began to mix together on the basis of equality. They took their meals together from the common kitchen. The movement tried to loosen the bond of caste.

Explain the contributions it made in doing away with then defined social system and its values.

Discuss the contributions of the two – Kabir Das is the first Indian saint who has coordinated the Hinduism and Islam by giving a universal path which could be followed by both Hindus and Muslims, He always rejected murti pujan of Hinduism and shown the clear confidence in bhakti and Sufi ideas.

Conclusion:

Conclude with importance.

 


General Studies – 2


 

Topic : Effect of policies and politics of developed and developing countries on India’s interests, Indian diaspora. Bilateral, regional and global groupings and agreements involving India and/or affecting India’s interests.

3. What are “Global commons”? Deliberate how governing the global commons is the defining challenge for current and future generations. (250 words)

Reference: The Hindu 

Why the question:

The question is based on the theme of global commons and its governance.

Key Demand of the question:

Explain in detail the concept of global commons and discuss how governing the global commons is the defining challenge for current and future generations.

Directive:

Deliberate – Weigh up to what extent something is true. Persuade the reader of your argument by citing relevant research but also remember to point out any flaws and counter- arguments as well. Conclude by stating clearly how far you agree with the original proposition.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

‘Global Commons’ refers to resource domains or areas that lie outside of the political reach of any one nation State.

Body:

Discuss their features in detail; they are shared resources that cannot be managed within national jurisdictions. It is a term typically used to describe international, supranational, and global resource domains in which common-pool resources are found. Global commons include the earth’s shared natural resources, such as the high oceans, the atmosphere and outer space and the Antarctic in particular. Cyberspace may also meet the definition of a global commons.

Discuss the issues related to governing the global commons. Highlight the challenges.

Conclusion:

Conclude with way forward.

 


General Studies – 3


 

Topic : Conservation, environmental pollution and degradation, environmental impact assessment.

4. What do you understand by carbon tax? Discuss its benefits in the current times to India specifically. (250 words)

Reference: The Hindu 

Why the question:

The question is based on the topic of Carbon tax and its significance.

Key Demand of the question:

Explain in detail the concept of Carbon Tax and discuss its benefits in the current times to India specifically.

Directive:

Discuss – This is an all-encompassing directive – you have to debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You have to give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Define what carbon tax is.

Body:

A carbon tax is a tax levied on the carbon content of fuels, generally in the transport and energy sector. Carbon taxes are a form of carbon pricing. The term carbon tax is also used to refer to a carbon dioxide equivalent tax, the latter of which is quite similar but can be placed on any type of greenhouse gas or combination of greenhouse gases, emitted by any economic sector.

Explain in what way putting a price on carbon is widely seen as the most cost-effective and flexible way to achieve emission reduction.

Discuss that globally there is consensus that Carbon Pricing, would facilitate compatible emission pathways, increase investment and innovation in clean technology, promote achievement of the Sustainable Development Goals through channeled financing, generate revenue for aiding vulnerable communities, managing the economic impacts of a low-carbon economy, create environmental, health, economic, and social co-benefits, ranging from public health benefits coming from reduced air pollution to green job creation.

Present the case of India.

Conclusion:

Conclude with way forward.

 

 Topic : Conservation, environmental pollution and degradation, environmental impact assessment.

5. Unscientific use of irrigation water is giving rise to a variety of ecological problems in India. Elucidate. (250 words)

Why the question:

The question talks about the ecological problems that are being caused owing to unscientific use of irrigation water in the country.

Key Demand of the question:

Discuss in detail the ecological problems that are being caused owing to unscientific use of irrigation water in the country. Suggest solutions to address the same.

Directive:

Elucidate – Give a detailed account as to how and why it occurred, or what is the particular context. You must be defining key terms where ever appropriate, and substantiate with relevant associated facts.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Introduce the answer by giving a brief highlight of present scenario of irrigation in India.

Body:

Irrigation consumes about 84 percent of total available water in India, while industrial and

Domestic sectors consume about 12 and 4 percent respectively. India has already realized over 80% of its irrigation potential. While this reflects significant irrigation expansion, unscientific utilization of irrigation water has raised several issues. There are multiple factors contributing to unscientific use of irrigation water like low irrigation

Efficiency; poor water management; ineffective ground water policy; heavy subsidization in Electricity etc. Discuss them in detail.

Explain in brief the issue of unscientific use of irrigation water. Enlist the ecological hazards resulting from the same.

Conclusion:

Conclude with suitable solutions.

 


General Studies – 4


 

Topic : Ethics and Human Interface: Essence, determinants and consequences of Ethics in-human actions; dimensions of ethics; ethics – in private and public relationships. Human Values – lessons from the lives and teachings of great leaders, reformers and administrators; role of Family society and educational institutions in inculcating values.

6. Is reason the slave of the passions? Discuss and give your opinion. (250 words)

Reference: plato.stanford.edu

Why the question:

The question is quotation based.

Key Demand of the question:

Explain in what way reason the slave of the passions, discuss the quote and give your opinion.

Directive:

Discuss – This is an all-encompassing directive – you have to debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You have to give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Explain the meaning of the quote.

Body:

Hume’s position in ethics, which is based on his empiricist theory of the mind, is best known for asserting four theses: (1) Reason alone cannot be a motive to the will, but rather is the “slave of the passions” (2) Moral distinctions are not derived from reason.

Discuss the concept Passion vs. Reason.

Turn to Hume’s famous dictum that “Reason is, and ought only to be the slave of the passions.” It implies that reason’s role in guiding actions is, and ought to be, limited to its utility in aiding the fulfillment of desire.

Conclusion:

Conclude with importance.

 

Topic : Human Values – lessons from the lives and teachings of great leaders, reformers and administrators; role of Family society and educational institutions in inculcating values.

7. “it is vital to cultivate freedom from resentment.”, Discuss in the context of Mahatma Gandhi’s nonviolence principle. (250 words)

Reference: Indian Express 

Why the question:

The article talks about Mahatma Gandhi’s nonviolence principle.

Key Demand of the question:

One has to explain in what way it is vital to cultivate freedom from resentment according to the philosophy of Mahatma Gandhi.

Directive:

Discuss – This is an all-encompassing directive – you have to debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You have to give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Explain first the context of the question.

Body:

Start by suggesting the fact that in today’s times more than usual, it is vital to cultivate freedom from resentment. This is what made Mahatma Gandhi’s nonviolence possible.

Take hints from the article and throw light on Mahatma Gandhi’s nonviolence principle, suggest examples that show its relevance to today’s times.

Conclusion:

Conclude that how regardless of the specific issue or dispute freedom from resentment promises to be a winner and leveler.


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