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Discuss in detail features of Caste System in India, also, identify various reasons for strengthening of caste based identity in today’s times.

Topic : Social Empowerment

1. Discuss in detail features of Caste System in India, also, identify various reasons for strengthening of caste based identity in today’s times. (250 words)

Reference: bbc.com

Why the question:

The question is from the static portions of GS paper I.

Key Demand of the question:

One has to explain in detail the features of caste system in India and also explain the causative factors that have strengthened caste based identity in current times.

Directive:

Discuss – This is an all-encompassing directive – you have to debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You have to give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Briefly state the background and roots of caste system in the country.

Body:

Explain some of the several theories that explain prevalence/coming of caste system in India like The traditional theory says that four varnas originated from different parts of Brahma’s body {Brahmin-mouth; Kshatrita-arms; Vaishyas- Stomach and Shudra-feet}; and all other castes were born due to their intermixing. The occupational theory says that castes evolved from the occupations of people which were not hereditary in the beginning.

Then move on to explain the key features such as – it has resulted in segmental division of the Indian society, they create a hierarchy on the basis of their social precedence and many others.

Discuss in short the functions and maladies of the caste system. Explain in what way caste identities are further strengthened in today’s times.

Conclusion:

Conclude with need to accept and believe in humanity as a bigger religion than creating differences and gaps through such caste identities.